Post by Nka on Jun 20, 2017 17:54:13 GMT -6
5th Earth Architecture Competition
DESIGNING A RURAL ARTS CENTER FOR SENEGAL Nka Foundation announces the result of the 5th EARTH ARCHITECTURE COMPETITION: Designing a Rural Arts Center for Senegal. The result is as follows:
1st Prize. Entry # 683307599 COMMUNITY LIBRARY by Vitor Breder, Nayanne Guerra, Mário Soares and Yuka Perdigão Ogawa in Brazil.
2nd Place: Entry # 677413714 HYGIENE SPACE by Jérôme Gruwé in France.
3rd Place: Entry # 674442718 // C O L L A G E by Britt Hill and Caitlin McDonnell in Australia.
Runner Ups: Honorable Mention is awarded to the following entries:
4th # 683886950 NKA FORUM by Alberto Cumerlato and Tiago Sa in Portugal.
5th # 659117239 A CLASSROOM by Aida Zaremohazzabieh in Iran.
6th # 669248737 TERANGA KITCHEN by Greg DiRienzo, Jordan Frazin, and Justin Pingin in USA.
7th # 677763262 CHAOS THEORY by Priyanka Ravi and Priyanka Ulaganathan in India.
Other Entries Selected as the Top 40 Designs in the Competition:
683587692, 678996471, 678039762, 672688216, 6835587692, 506925175, 652565157, 676830958, 676077580, 512967499, 653742617, 676818986, 673937715, 20265111, 508693836, 20292699, 653562383, 502693421, 514427572, 676073291, 683856780, 512967499, 650772828, 675019905, 683193948, 682798395, 682716196, 677135632, 678302810, 669671264, 682601453, 651832214, 679379798.
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
The 1st prize winning entry is COMMUNITY LIBRARY by Vitor Breder, Nayanne Guerra, Mário Soares and Yuka Perdigão Ogawa in Brazil; the 2nd prize goes to HYGIENE SPACE by Jérôme Gruwé in France; and the 3rd prize is awarded to COLLAGE by Britt Hill and Caitlin McDonnell in Australia. Honorable Mention is awarded to the following entries: 4th place NKA FORUM by Alberto Cumerlato and Tiago Sa in Portugal; 5th place A CLASSROOM by Aida Zaremohazzabieh in Iran; 6th place TERANGA KITCHEN by Greg DiRienzo, Jordan Frazin, and Justin Pingin in USA, and 7th place CHAOS THEORY by Priyanka Ravi and Priyanka Ulaganathan in India.
The selection jury consists of Adrià Clapés i NICOLAU, director of IsArch in Spain; Adrian WELCH, architect and founder of E-architect in the UK; Juliet SAKYI-ANSAH, architect at a UK firm and director at The Architects' Project; Jurriaan van STIGT, architect at LEVS Architecten, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Podjamas CHAISURAPHAWAT, urban planner at Progress Consultant Co. Ltd and self-employed architect in Thailand; Sarah LAISNEY, architecture and planning adviser at Cuso International in Honduras; and Stephan Jörchel, a civil engineer with Dachverband Lehm e.V., the German Association on Building with Earth at Weimar in Germany. The jurors used judging criteria involving form, function and technical issues to evaluate all entries in the contest. The jurors awarded prizes for first, second and third place consisting of a commemorative certificate and the following options: 1st prize - $1,000 or construction of design in Senegal plus a trip to Senegal for a workshop to build the winning design; 2nd prize- Construction or $700 and 3rd prize- Construction or $400. Every design team that made the Top 40 Entries shortlist is offered the opportunity to build their design in Senegal in collaboration with the project organizers.
Through the 5th Earth Architecture Competition, Nka Foundation issued a challenge to professionals and students of architecture, design, urban planning and others from around the world. The challenge was to design a modern mud type to be built as a unit of an artisanal village, a residential vocational training center for unemployed rural youths of ages 16 to 25 years to undergo a 2-year skills development training in the vocational arts and design in the Diakounda village in Sédhiou Region of the Casamance in Senegal. The contestant was to design one of the following school types: a classroom, cafeteria, office building, dormitory, group toilet, dwelling type for the local teachers, and guest house type for our international visiting staff. The competition organizer wanted the designs to emphasize cost efficient construction and sustainable architecture by fully integrate earth architecture and passive solar design. In light of these, the competing teams were to design their school types for construction by maximum use of earth and local labor. Total cost of constructing the design entry was not to exceed $10,000 (USD) for materials and labor.
The competition promotes open source design, which implies that the submitted designs will be available for all to appreciate, use, or improve them to generate more practical and contemporary design solutions for the region. Our long-term goal is to enable the rural population and lots of other places, to overcome the stigma that mud architecture is architecture for the very poor.
WHAT IS NEXT?
As the construction of the best design entries is our priority, every design team that made the Top 40 Entries shortlist is offered the opportunity to build their design in Senegal in collaboration with Nka Foundation. The construction site will be the Diakounda Arts Village in the Casamance in Senegal. The building workshops to realize the Top 40 Design Entries will run from February 2018 to July 2020. Each workshop will run for about 12 weeks. For example, the construction workshop to build the 2nd prize winning design, HYGIENE SPACE by Jérôme Gruwé in France, will be held from June 20th to September 20th 2018. To do these, we have begun to compile strategies and gather a community of supporters around the rural vocational arts school project. We approach the vocational school construction as a development-aid with a direct impact on the rural communities in Bounkiling in the Sédhiou Region of the Casamance. It is a community development project. By this, the design proposals will be built on a land donated to Nka Foundation by the community.
Through an open call for volunteers, each workshop will bring together professionals and students of architecture, landscape architecture, design, engineering, urban planning, the arts and others from around the world to join the workshop and play a part in line with their expertise. Join us to create change where it is most needed. The arts village will be a residential skills learning center of a self-sustaining type for replication in other parts of Africa. The arts village is conceived as an informal school, an artisanal vocational development center that brings together international workshop participants, local artisans and less privileged youths from the region for skills transfer. The training will be provided by resident teachers and by hosting guest projects by both international and local practitioners in a self-growing school complex. That means, in the beginning there are just a few buildings. After the students have learnt some construction techniques, they will test their acquired knowledge and skills by building the next part of the school or some functional buildings for the community. Thus, the students are challenged to solve real problems, work together, to learn and build and create.
HOW DO YOU LEARN TO DESIGN WHAT IS BUILDABLE?
The building workshops will be posted on goo.gl/EXRN63 Join us! We are inviting international volunteers to the workshops to help realize the above winning designs. The building site also welcomes guest projects from schools and organizations who find substance in what we are doing. Since 2010, Nka Foundation have been collaborating with architecture and design practitioners, and schools from around the world to enable their projects emanate from idea to reality based on site in rural Ghana, Tanzania and Gambia. To Nka Foundation, designing is not the whole thing. The design education question rather is: How do you learn to design what is buildable? It is by designing and building a project! Nka Foundation has come to know that by immersing the young designers in the full circle of designing and building their design, at the completion of the design-build process, the emerging professionals will learn to design what is buildable to make a well-rounded graduate. For the young professional, you will find the hands-on construction experience a pause from your office work to rediscover the rudiments of design and nuances that can refresh your practice.
The building workshop aims to foster collaborations for cross-fertilization of skills and knowledge among the international participants. Most evenings will be used for reviewing workshop progress along with informal discussions and digital presentations of portfolios by workshop leaders and participants. The workshop will end with a Community Day, a public celebration of the completed project by way of open house exhibition of the products of the workshop, public performances, and foods.
To participate, contact us at email@example.com / www.nkafoundation.org .
Post by Nka on Oct 16, 2017 7:12:33 GMT -6
ENTRY # 659099172SUB-SAHARA INTERSTICE
A HOUSING PROPOSAL FOR DIAKOUNDA ARTS VILLAGE
Being the second largest Continent on earth, Africa faces many challenges, primarily, its infrastructure. In retrospect, Africa is a cluster of many villages with many cultures/tribes that are sporadically situated in many site conditions. Some larger than others due to trade and later becoming cities. However, with the advent of computing, environmentally safe materials, and advanced construction techniques for building; one is left to ask, the future of mud architecture, and where the next urban sprawl begin. Sub-Sahara interstice, is a prototype that seeks to generate a pragmatic and scalable village/urban condition. At the core of this urban condition are a series of interconnected programs, materials and site conditions. These being, the orientation of each massing block in relation to the trajectory of the sun, solar heat gain, flow of rain precipitation, local source material (laterite), and courtyards. The first phase of the project is to orient the housing block in the trajectory of the sun reducing solar heat that affects the units. Furthermore, to create larger shade zones by extending the roof and redirect rain fall towards the shaded areas by sloping the roof. In doing so, additional courtyards are generated that are independent from the internal courtyards that are found in the housing modules in the first phase. It is here that the interstice occurs, in phase two. This interstice, is a catalyst that generates many courtyards that are equidistant from the modular housing units. The expansion of this sprawl becomes the village, town, and city. Sub-Sahara Interstice is a site-specific condition, that generates an urban topology that is modular, scalable and responsive to the site.
Post by lorenzomognini on Oct 16, 2017 7:39:10 GMT -6
V-EARTH is a dormitory for up to 25 Students. The plan was designed with a simple modular scheme, using local building materials and construction techniques. The open plan and the bamboo mat screen guarantee the maximum in term of flexibility and adaptability to different situations.
The service blocks (kitchen and WC/Showers) are located on the East and West ends of the building.
A double height communal Area is completely open on the North & South Sides, allowing maximum air circulation.
The bedrooms area is connected by a central corridor. To minimize overheating, the openings in the South facing area are small, and the long projection of the roof helps to shade the elevations.
The corrugate zinc roof is pitched reversely and a central channel collects the rainwater, which is stored in the water reservoirs over the service areas. It has been designed with the same principle of the “wind tower” to create a natural ventilation inside the building.
Post by honourarc on Oct 16, 2017 7:46:41 GMT -6
The rural dormitory design reflects the ideals and expectations of a building which symbolizes sustainability and functionality in the manner by which it combines indigenous materials, local climates and vernacular activities of the users in order to produce cost effective solution for the inhabitants. The thought process leading up to the final outcome was anchored on the design of a building that satisfies structural logic, facilitates social interaction and can serve as a pride of the community. Considering the climate of the locality and social status, it was paramount to come up with an informed design decision that caters to these parameters in other to achieve stated aims. Firstly, the introduction and placement of screen walls serves to transmit much needed ventilation at varying times of the day, maximize thermal comfort and provide a balanced room condition. Use of hand pressed bricks and plastered mud will help to sustain this thermal balance and ensure a communal participation in the erection of the building due to its simple building method. Subsequently, corridors are employed in other to be able to harness the full potential of daylight which acts as a mechanism to diffuse intensities that may otherwise cause discomfort to the users and also promote social interactions. Additionally, high ceilings, exposed roof structures make passive ventilation possible, contributes to the overall essence of a stable indoor temperature and ultimately enhances the aesthetics of the building.
1. Walling $3000
2. Labour $2500
3. Roofing sheets and members $200
4. Foundations $2000
5. Timber Post, Beams and other wooden framing $700
6. Finishing: $300
7. Miscellaneous: $500
Total $9200 say $9500.
Post by Nka on Oct 16, 2017 7:59:16 GMT -6
ENTRY # 682716196
The main idea of the project was based on the necessity of two different spaces: a closed one, for theoretical study, and another (l’Autre), open but covered, ideal to fit the motto “learning by doing”, to be used as a laboratory and a storage of produced materials. Another objective was to use the porticos as dynamic spaces; and to create an interaction with the external area.
Materials and elements
The project is focused on the use of local and sustainable materials. The building, made of earth bricks with a main wood structure, lays on a cement basement. For rotating doors and windows has been used local bamboo and wood. For the roof, corrugated aluminium sheets.
Regarding the manpower we believe it will be important to organize a workshop, for both local and foreign students. Foreign students
will pay at least the sum 200 USD each to cover construction materials. Thus, we will need to hire only a local site manager
(10x100=1000USD) and 2 unskilled laborers (100x2x7=1400 USD) for the approximated period of 4 months.
Foundation = small aggregated 320 USD + sand 360 USD + cement aprox. 1000 USD + Other 400 USD
Walling = aprox. 20000 bricks 4000 USD + sand 180 USD
Roofing = wooden structure 1100 USD
Fittings and landscaping 300 USD
Grand Total = 9960 USD
Post by Nka on Oct 16, 2017 8:47:28 GMT -6
Services are reasonably considered as merely functional spaces. This project’s aim is to investigate the possibilities to bring quality to such ordinary spaces, exploiting the resources and the features of the site’s climate and building technology.
The design develops two elements: the toilets and the roof. The toilets’ walls are made of rammed earth brick and act as partition elements. The roof instead is supported by wooden pillars and beams, covered by aluminium sheet. The clear distinction of the two elements is aimed at increasing the climatic comfort inside the building: in fact, the roof section, according to the wind directions, is designed to provide natural ventilation.
The raised deck provides an easier management of the plumbing which is designed following the local system. Overall the design meets the budget requirements.
The plan layout features the main common distribution dividing the women’s from the men’s restrooms and leading to a common area, where sinks are placed. On the back of the eastern wall, the roof defines a space that is used as showers for people working in the didactical farm nearby and for whoever might need it.
As a tent, the roof defines the space underneath, making it comfortably usable.
Post by 669248737 on Oct 16, 2017 8:49:50 GMT -6
Design Statement:Teranga Kitchen
Each day, residents of the Diakounda Arts Village will come together to share their meals under one roof: an essential ritual in the process of community-building. As such, this design for the cafeteria is guided by gestures of simplicity, flexibility, and, most importantly, the concept of teranga
– a broad notion of hospitality central to Senegalese culture. Teranga Kitchen
is defined by two primary masses sitting beneath a large, unifying roof. A food preparation area to the east and a more intimate zone of seating to the west anchor the central gathering space. Artful brick coursework and layered bamboo ceiling panels, which are derived from traditional West African textiles, filter sunlight and aid in natural ventilation.
Locally-sourced materials are used in construction: rammed earth, mud bricks, framing lumber, sand, cement, aggregate, and non-structural bamboo. Construction costs total $9,950 USD. This figure includes material cost, a construction waste loss factor, skilled and unskilled labor, and $1000 for furniture – in addition to an overall contingency of five percent.
By creating a sense of human-scale shelter, a connection to the surrounding landscape, and fostering clear spatial relationships between eating, cooking, and sharing, this proposal provides a backdrop for teranga
to reveal itself.
Post by Nka on Oct 16, 2017 9:33:46 GMT -6
DESIGN ENTRY # 682601453
Terra cooling units takes advantage of simple, natural phenomenon of
cooling via evaporation. It corresponds to human needs: with no focused
coldness that may cause disease, air exchange is natural and also sound of filling
water and cool feel of its surface all contribute with the sense of refreshing coolness.
The whole system inspired by Senegal and in general African continent use of clay and
evaporation cooling system. The module can be use in any form and context.
It can be operate as an office, school and etc.
Modulus will be made of clay. They have manageable size to be carried around.
There is a huge gap between nature, human and technology. Adaptation is the
missing line between them. Terra Cooling units and their cooling system is reliable
answer that operates harmony with environment. Terra Cooling units are out of clay and
they are filled with water. Through evaporation process the surface and surrounding is getting cold,
which is suitable for the hot and dry season of year.
Using clay and local material reduces the cost of construction,
which will be defiantly less than $10,000 (USD).
Ancient energy technology that have been used many years ago in Africa
continent can be studied and bring back to the modern architecture. By the use of
ancient method people are able to live and work in comfort without considering modern
technology expenses. “ In Northern Nigeria, earthenware pots have been used since
ancient times as cooking and water storage vessels.”
The aim of the project is to be place in a most untouched nature and to evolve within
nature and also be adaptive ecology.
This project is an architectural way of representing the co existence of human and
nature, tradition and technology. Terra cooling units are composed of hundreds of
energy-conserving and environmental friendly clay pipes.
Post by alberto on Oct 16, 2017 10:11:46 GMT -6
The proposal aims for the creation of a multipurpose space that performs both
as an auditorium and as a sheltered community space. Its strong positioning in
the central axis of the masterplan could mean a barrier for circulation, instead
the idea is to turn it into part of the path, as a breakout area for the Arts’ village
by connecting classrooms and workshop spaces, students and visitors. The
design takes into consideration the existing masterplan guidelines and the
climatic conditions of the Sédhiou Region of the Casamance proposing
a roofi ng structure that could provide both shading and rain protection.
Since the auditorium faces the entrance of the village, the roof movement
opens it towards the visitors in a welcoming gesture, while to the Southern side
towards the campus, it slopes down, blending smoothly with the landscape.
The resulting shape maximize the auditorium audience capacity having a
covered front facing rows and an extended exterior seating area on landscape.
The design aims to experiment ferrocement on its endless formwork
possibilities, for being easily buildable and made of a mix of sand
from the site with cement that is largely available in the region.
The grand majority of the construction is earth-based, with rammed earth
walls, and pressed earth flooring.
The project is calibrated to minimize the ferrocement structure; as soon as
the roof hits the two retaining walls, it slowly fades into a landscaped surface
to minimize use of materials and constructions costs.
Post by britlin on Oct 16, 2017 10:20:07 GMT -6
Ticket #674442718// C O L L A G E
CLASSROOM AND WORKSHOP BUILDING PROPOSAL
“I HEAR AND I FORGET. I SEE AND I REMEMBER. I DO AND I UNDERSTAND.” - CONFUCIUS.
IT’S ONE THING TO BE TAUGHT A CONCEPT IN A CLASSROOM, AND ANOTHER THING ENTIRELY TO LEARN A LESSON BY FIRST-HAND EXPERIENCE. IN THE SAME WAY, THE ARTS CENTRE IN DIAKOUNDA VILLAGE HAS AN OPPORTUNITY TO UP-SKILL STUDENTS NOT ONLY IN THE CLASSROOM, BUT DURING CONSTRUCTION.
WITH ASSISTANCE FROM LOCAL LABOURERS, STUDENTS ENGAGE IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE ‘COLLAGE’ CLASSROOM + WORKSHOP BY PROGRESSING SEQUENTIALLY FROM RUDIMENTARY CONSTRUCTION CONCEPTS TO MORE COMPLEX ARTISANAL TECHNIQUES. THE MATERIAL OUTCOME IS MUCH LIKE A COLLAGE, AND IS VARIABLE WITH EACH ITERATION.
IN OPERATION THE BUILDING ENCOURAGES ‘LEARNING BY DOING’ BY CREATING A STRONG RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CLASSROOM AND WORKSHOP, BENEATH A SHARED ROOF STRUCTURE AND INFORMAL COURTYARD SPACE.
THE ROOF IS BUILT FIRST, WHICH PROVIDES SHELTER AS THE TWO BUILDINGS ARE BUILT. WHEN THE CLASSROOM IS COMPLETED, THE SITE OF THE WORKSHOP BECOMES A SHELTERED MULTI-USE AREA. A PARTLY SUNKEN COURTYARD LINKS CLASSROOM AND WORKSHOP, ACTING AS AN INFORMAL LEARNING SPACE AND PASSAGE.
COST SAVINGS ARE ALSO MADE BY ALLOWING STUDENTS TO PARTICIPATE IN THE CONSTRUCTION. THE BUILDINGS TOTAL COST IS ESTIMATED AT $19,315.00 - FOR BOTH A CLASSROOM & WORKSHOP, EACH WITH A CAPACITY OF 30 PERSONS MINIMUM.Project Budget (2 buildings*)
*Our proposal includes both a classroom and a workshop building, therefore our construction costs are for two buildings, bringing the cost of each in at approximately $9,650.
Post by 683307599 on Oct 16, 2017 12:54:13 GMT -6
The Community Library was proposed as an open space for experimentation and self-appropriation, both during its construction and after its conclusion.
The program develops itself into overlapped opened and closed spaces. A courtyard marks the main entrance distributing the rooms, but does not define the space: the building can be accessed in several ways, extending and dissipating it to the surroundings.
Seeing the Rural Arts Center as a wonderful open-air classroom, the team applied a build-in-phase approach that could serve different groups of students. Thus, all the building’s components are independent.
The modular wall system, designed using rammed earth technique, incorporate the spaces without confining them, either allowing a straight relation between the outside and inside areas, either embracing the central courtyard, a space for both passage and permanence.
The openings and furniture helps composing the site flexibility, assuming different purposes and dispositions. At the same time the separated roof system covers the programmatic areas, providing exhaustion, ventilation and natural illumination, pointing out the concern for the local climate.
The construction system is intuitive and transparent, applying low-cost local technologies and resources, encouraging the exploration and appreciation of construction with earth and constantly rescuing the local traditions.Materials and techiniques:
Rammed earth walls and compressed earth bricks (for the floor) made of clay, sand and aggregate. Roof structure is made of wood, zinc sheets, and thatch lining. The columns have a detailed steel base for the foundations to avoid direct moist from the soil. Opening systems consist of sliding doors made of simple steel frame and local woodsticks. Indoor furniture was conceived in plywood whereas outdoor furniture using the same rammed earth techinique used on the walls.Budget (USD):
TOTAL: $ 9.906,20
- Concrete: $ 1705,00
- Gravels: $ 120,00
- Labor Force: $ 480,00
- Total : $ 2305,00Floor:
- Bricks: $ 575,00
- Gravels: $ 120,00
- Labor Force: 123,00
- Total: $ 818,00Walling:
- Clay / Sand: $ 300,00
- Formwork: $ 108,00
- Labor Force: $ 480,00
- Total: $ 888,00Structure:
- Columns: $ 630,00
- Foundation: $ 93,90
- Labor Force: $ 62,00
- Total: $ 785,90Roof:
- Woodwork: $ 308,00
- Zinc Sheet: $ 1808,00
- Thatch lining: $00,00
- Gutter: $ 146,67
- Labor Force: $ 371,00
- Total: $ 2633,60Opening Systems:
- Frame: $ 450,00
- Wood sticks: $ 34,00
- Hardware: $ 190,90
- Labor Force: $ 228,00
- Total: $902,90Furniture:
- Earth benches: $ 60,00
- Multishelves: $ 63,00
- Seats and tables: $ 252,00
- Finishing: $ 78,60
- Fountain: $ 15,00
- Labor Force: $ 440,00
- Total: $ 908,70Others:
- Transportation: $ 120,00
- Cleaning: $ 28,00
- Signs: $ 41,70
- Wasting margin: $ 475,00
- Total: 664,70
Post by ignacio on Oct 16, 2017 13:01:27 GMT -6
Design entry #669671264
BIO+ARTS Earth Construction Studio
The project emerges from the need to build a unit of an artisanal village for unemployed young people in Africa, emphasizing the use of local resources, and understanding that the characteristics of the project should be appropriate for several localities and solve shared needs. The way is autonomy.
Bio+arts studio is thought to be builded in a period of 45-50 days by 3 people and it is made with timber framing, bahareque technique, and a plinth of quarry stone to insulate mud walls from direct erosion of water and soil moisture. Simple doors and windows are also manufactured in the same workshops, made of recovery timber.
On the inside, walls are sculpted by hand accommodating necessary furniture such as bookshelves and seats. On the outside, a trencadis´ roof to protect the building from tropical rainfall, and thus allowing an alternative to commonly used zinc roofs.
The project intents to open the possibility for the extended use of tiles as a new form of roofing, making possible local production of the insume units for insulating constructions and promoting communities´ autonomy.
Foundation + Floor ………………….. 1600 USD
Structure + Walls ………………………… 3800 USD
Roof ……………………………………………… 1600 USD
Miscellaneous ………………………………. 500 USD
TOTAL ………………………………………. 7500 USD
Post by marli on Oct 16, 2017 14:15:06 GMT -6
653662150 DESIGN STATEMENT
A learning space is formed through four vaulted structures, each creating a separate classroom. The individual classrooms lead onto a shared veranda, shaded by a woven palm leaf overhang, creating shelter from both the sun and tropical rain downpour.
The Nubian vaults are constructed from compressed earth blocks, and are raised from the ground plane on packed stone walls, to allow for storm water to easily drain away. Rainwater runs along the sloped woven palm leaf roof towards a series of clay pots, collecting and storing this essential resource for later use. The sloped roof also channels wind over the vaulted structures, ventilating the classrooms as the warm air rises through an opening which separates each vault in two.
The 25m2 classrooms allow for a flexible learning space, not only creating a shelter against the elements, but takes advantage of these natural forces to improve the comfort and functionality of the space.
|Packet stone walls & foundation||$300|
|Compressed earth bricks (including formwork)||$2 700|
|Timber roof structure||$1 300|
|Palm roof & substructure||$150|
|Timber floor & structure||$1 600|
Post by jg on Oct 16, 2017 15:26:52 GMT -6
CREATION OF AN ECOLOGICAL HYGIENE SPACE
[ticket #677413714]DESIGN STATEMENT :
The project concerns the construction of an ecological hygiene space, with biolitter toilets natural sanitation by phyto-purification of the greywater.
The design is inspired from african hut with impluvium, the roof collects the rainwater in a central point of the structure. Its overhang is adapted for tropical climate as well as its raised ground level. The bamboo structure brings lightness and lighting to the project. It has large and opposite openings, which provide a pleasant view on the farmland outside.
By its symetry, the project is modular, so it could fit anywhere. Its dimensions are extensible/reductible according to the quantity of users. This hygiene space could even fit as a dwelling extension, or into a minimal version accessible for people with reduced mobility.MATERIALS :
The materials used for the project are essentially earth and bamboo. The local soil is composed of laterite (from latin "later" which means "brick"). Its rather high content in ferruginous particles confers an important hardening with air so a good resistance against most of the meteorological events. This earth type is perfect for making handpressed brick. Because bamboo structure is visible, it promotes its technology through construction. Roofing is made of corrugated zinc sheets.BUDGET :
Foundations : 960 $
Bamboo Structure : 660 $
Flooring : 1100 $
Walling : 900 $
Roofing : 1700 $
Plumbing : 600 $
Lighting : 120 $
Finishing : 1200 $
Landscaping : 160 $TOTAL : 7400 $
Including materials, equipment, labor.
The rainwater tank is not included.
Bamboo stem estimation : 1,80 $ / 10m.
Some finishing (furnitures, plastering, joinery, decoration, ...) can be realized by students workshops. Landscaping as well.
Post by plalwani on Oct 16, 2017 15:51:01 GMT -6
The Canopy Library branches out towards the community of the village in order to unite the students in a comforting space that fosters the growth of knowledge. Similar to the way a tree sprouts out of the earth representing a source of life, the canopy does this too. The experience of being pushed into an outdoor space wedged in between a warm covered space that leads to the main library allows the students to feel as if they were walking under a tree which provides shade, yet allows beacons of light to shine through. The angle of the multiple roofs allow protection from harsher sun during the summer and utilize the heat during the winter. A School’s Library is the best tool to allow the knowledge of students to flourish and expand. The Canopy will give them a warm and comforting space to become inspired and have access to tools that will allow their knowledge to start branching out.
Wooden Roof Structure and Metal Roof: $1600
Concrete Foundation and Stairs: $2600
Rammed Earth Walls: $4700
Labor and Miscellaneous: $1100
Post by ENTRY #673937715 on Oct 16, 2017 16:03:16 GMT -6
ENTRY # 673937715
Inspiring students to become lifelong learners is not only the job of the classroom but of every space that impacts the life of a learner. Senegal Seasonings serves as a space that allows students to relax for a meal or a quick bite as they converse with classmates over their current scholastic achievements and trials. As a simple open space, Senegal Seasonings welcomes students to freely sit on the inside of the cool, rammed walls or enjoy the outside covered area as the kitchen cooks up the local dish for the day. The white canvas roof and the light from the mud brick wall create an airy atmosphere for a much needed break in the hectic school day. With both a social environment for interactional learning and an economic design through passive solar energy, Senegal Seasoning utilizes local and natural materials. Gathering students around the table for a meal creates a space for peer to peer learning, invoking the environment of a classroom outside of the regular student teacher relationship of learning.
Cement Footing: 352 ft^3 = 603 bags @ $11/bag = $1,573
Rebar: 137 ft @ $0.75/1ft = $926
Rammed Earth #1: $232
Rammed Earth #2: $27 (Reusable wood framing)
Mud Brick #1: $481
Mud Brick #2 (Sandbox): $172
Wood Framing: $1,734
Roof Canvas: 3,040 ft^2 = 2.02 rolls @ $475/roll = $867
Sand: 102 yd^3 = 8 truck loads @ $60/truck load = $511
Canvas flap: 655 ft^2 = 0.43 rolls @ $475/roll = $187
Mat floors: 1381 ft^2 @ $0.50/ft^2 = $691
Fasteners: roof nails, mat stakes, canvas fasteners = $50
TOTAL LABOR: $1500
Post by av on Oct 16, 2017 16:32:07 GMT -6
#673939209T h e C r o c o d i l e H o u s e
In the West of Africa, the sky pours down with rain for five months out of the year. On a hot day, the suns warms the air to ninety-five degrees and the wind blows in from the Atlantic to the southwest. In the country of Mauritania, the traditional peoples live near the river, neighboring with the West African Crocodiles. The Mauritanian people revere the crocodiles and protect them from harm. They believe just as the water nurtures the crocodiles, so do the crocodiles nurture the water.
The Crocodile House of the Rural Arts Center in Senegal seeks the same affinitive relationship with the ever-present water. The modular construction of tin scales that compose the House’s roof mimics the crocodiles’ skin as it directs the rainwater into cisterns for collection, to be used all around the complex. The earthen walls branch outwards funneling the winds from the southwest to cool and comfort the studio space. The studio space is a sheltered, open-air learning environment that neighbors the workshop, an encloseure whose fifteeen foot reammed-earth walls provide security and space for crafting with heavy machinery.
rammed earth walls
Post by trudat on Oct 16, 2017 16:33:07 GMT -6
VENTILATION ROOM ENTRY TICKET #683323333
THIS DESIGN USES LOCAL MATERIALS AND TRADITIONAL CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES TO MAXIMIZE NATURAL VENTILATION AND SOLAR SHADING IN THE
CLASSROOM. THE BUILDING IS CONSTRUCTED OF MUD BRICK WALLS WITH CONCRETE COLUMNS SUPPORTING A WOOD ROOF STRUCTURE COVERED
WITH SHEETS OF METAL. THE FORM IS DESIGNED TO BE FUNCTIONAL, EFFICIENT, AND PROVIDE THE FLEXIBILITY TO USE THE SPACE FOR DIFFERENT PURPOSES.
IN ADDITION TO LOCAL MATERIALS, SEVERAL LIGHTWEIGHT, INEXPENSIVE, AND TRANSPORTABLE MATERIALS WILL BE BROUGHT TO SENEGAL. THESE INCLUDE:
SILICON SEALANT USED TO SEAL THE JOINTS IN THE METAL ROOFING, INSECT SCREEN TO PROTECT THE OPENINGS IN THE WALLS, AND POLYCARBONATE
PLASTIC TO COVER THE SKYLIGHT AND OPENINGS IN THE WALLS.
THE FLOOR PLAN CAN BE CONFIGURED TO RELATE TO OTHER BUILDING AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS OF THE SITE. THE SQUARE CAN ALSO BE
REPEATED AND EXPANDED TO CREATE A COMPLEX OF CLASSROOMS OR ADAPT TO THE PROGRAMATIC REQUIREMENTS OF OTHER BUILDING TYPES.
LABOR (BASED ON 60 DAY CONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE)
2 SKILLED LABORERS @ $10 PER DAY AND 1 UNSKILLED @ $7 PER DAY- $1620
FOUNDATION, SLAB AND COLUMNS- 75 BAGS OF CONCRETE @ $11 PER BAG=$825, 2 TRUCKS OF SAND=$120, 2 TRUCKS OF SMALL AGGREGATE=$100,
2 TRUCKS OF QUARRY STONE=240, CONCRETE FORMWORK= $200, REBAR= $200 TOTAL COST= $1685
WALLS- 1000 BRICKS @ $0.20= $200
ROOF- 80 FEET OF HEAVY BEAMS @ $2 PER FOOT= $160, 200 FEET OF FRAMING LUMBER @ $1 PER FOOT= $200, 18 4’X8’ METAL SHEETS @ $10 PER SHEET= $180
TOTAL COST= $540
MISCELLANEOUS- POLYCARBONATE, SILICONE, SCREEN= $1000
Post by danorog on Oct 16, 2017 18:45:55 GMT -6
ENTRY # 651333769
'Eye of inform' is modern rammed earth building project for object which main purpose is to welcome everyone who comes to the campus; live good and strong impression; inform them about the campus purpose; and give them space for refreshment while they are getting themselves a nice souvenir.
The idea for design comes from the position of the object on the location. As it is first visible on the entrance at the site, we thought it should be representative, in free form. Complexity of object can be challenging and inspirational for craftsman. That's the reason of curved walls and natural shapes of membrane structure around it. The role of membrane is to protect from the high insolation, and it is designed according the wind route to improve ventilation through the object. Way of ventilation is given on the sketch. In order of sustainability, roof is designed to collect the rain through the center pillar, and then take it away from object. Water should be used for technical purposes in the future. Beside main purpose of object, the space can be multifunctional. We got two examples of possible functions that we think can be useful in the beginning of building campus.BUDGET
Foundations: retaining structure
External Walls: rammed earth
~30m3 (without openings)
~10m3 (minus openings)
Internal Walls: depends on adopted organization; should be done in various techniques (cob, pressed blocks, etc.) due to experimentation
Central Pillar: pressed bricks
Structure: Wood for Roofing and Ceiling
Primary Structure, section 10cm x 4cm
~200m > 660 feet
Secondary Structure, section 3cm x 3cm
~200m > 660feet
Roofing: corrugated zinc
Rainharvesting: tank and system
Furniture: for toilet, bar, and mean space of the object
ceiling, ground, toilet and bar – tadelac; central pillar - plaster
‘Membrane’: kind of Jali Wall, wooden panels, can be used also bamboo or bulrush, if there is in around
Post by logan on Oct 16, 2017 19:24:31 GMT -6
Between the Sheets
Between the Sheets uses materials native to the site to provide resident students of the Rural Arts Center with a passively cooled dorm to sleep after their days of learning. The exterior walls are constructed of poured earth to allow for privacy and seclusion, but their connection to the thatch roof creates apertures between the two to allow for adequate light and ventilation. The dorm acts as both a secure place for the students to sleep and as a communal space to gather and mingle after the day is over: the sleep areas frame a central gathering area encased in a mud brick screen. The form nestles the shower areas between two “sheets” and the roof structures work to collect rainwater for the shower area.In Senegal, where there are concerns with waste and pollution the dorm uses recycled materials wherever possible. Glass bottles are placed in the walls to provide filtered light while maintaining privacy. A nook for each student will be formed in the wall using recycled tires. All of these attributes define Between the Sheets to create a comfortable sheltered space for the students to gather that they can call home.
Poured Earth Walls: $4,285
Framing for Walls: $100
Mud Brick Walls: $300
Heavy Lumber: $300
Thatch Roof: $2000
Post by droth3 on Oct 16, 2017 20:44:29 GMT -6
Design Statement: (200 Words)
“Whatever I have to tell my friend, or brother, that we have to switch rhythm, to go to the second rhythm. What I have to tell my brother, I can just say it on the drum because it is all speaking” -Aziz Faye
What happens whenever knowledge of a classroom flows like the rhythm of a drum? Where all classes, painting studio, lecture, presentation- all work and flow in harmony like a group of drummers playing to the same beat. Ceremonial drumming has been deeply rooted in Senegalese culture for centuries. To become a master drummer, you must come from a family of master drummers. The beat of the drum is a form of intimate communication, one that allows you to convey your thoughts and emotions, your joy and pain. The construction of the classroom allows for 3 programmatic elements to work in harmony with one another. The natural ventilation allows for wind to flow through the space, gliding around the curvature of the walls. As you walk along the suspended wood flooring, you are shaded by the canvas skin which is pulled and stretched over the top of the wood framing for the roof. The canvas is pulled in place by tension cables just like the goatskin is pulled over the hull of the djambe drum. As you sit under the stretched canvas, rain begins to play a mesmerizing beat as it dances along the top of the roof. The rhythm of the rain begins to remind you of your times as a child, listing to the ceremonial drums play as family members danced and laughed.Budget: (USD)
Concrete/Foundation -------------------------- $896 USD
Wood Framing ----------------------------------- $4233 USD
Wood Flooring ----------------------------------- $2100 USD
Earth Brick Walls ---------------------------------$759 USD
Canvas ----------------------------------------------$1200 USD
Labor ----------------------------------------------- $610 USD
Total Construction Cost: $9798 USD
Post by 675699496 on Oct 16, 2017 20:47:33 GMT -6
TEACHERSHIP is a space designed as an escape for the local instructors. It is designed to ease the teachers’ nerves and reinforce comradery through the selective invitation of light. TEACHERSHIP occurs in four different spots on the campus, with slight change in orientation and layout relative to the solar axis. In each location, this escape is at the corner between the workshops and the classroom, allowing the users ease of access. The space is enclosed by a sheltering arm that adds privacy to the room, but does not completely close off from the surrounding site. The choice of a canvas roof protects the dwelling from the Senegal tropical environment, but still allows light to penetrate the space. The rammed earth construction increases the buildings breathability, an important thought in the tropical environment. The furniture is integrated into the structure to form a cohesive sculptural space for the faculty to relax, while the compacted dirt floor is sealed with linseed oil to refine the space and subtly reflect the ambient light. The use of materials such as rammed earth, dirt floor, and canvas roofing contribute to the sustainability of TEACHERSHIP and promote relaxing conditions.
• Walls: $3,000
(Rammed Earth + Reinforcement)
• Labor: $2,000
• Concrete Footing: $340
• Dirt Floor: $400
• Wood: $950
2”by 6” Wood Rafters
$6.78/ 10 feet
• Canvas Roof: $880
Exterior Grade Canvas
Post by pyu on Oct 16, 2017 21:31:22 GMT -6
A learning environment for creative people from the Senegal region to work, learn, and create in unitatis (unity in latin).
This 1,200 square foot learning environment needs to be comfortable to meet the needs of all types of students. Whether that is the size, the color of the walls, or the amount of light that passes through, it all comes into play. This classroom was designed to have continual airflow and light coming from all sides.
The walls of the building are made from earth block. The columns are wood that is used to bolt the thin tin roof structure with joists and wooden rafters rotated at an angle to let air and light in.
Three different roof structures cover one continual space that is tied together by the tall timber posts. The classroom serves three different programs; lecture, studio, and a gallery space. Unified under three roof structures, it is one continual, open space.
The design intention of the classroom’s roof also provides a learning opportunity for the students. The roof is low enough for even the smallest children to be able to observe how the joists are connected to hold the roof up. This could be beneficial for their learning experience. They can also closely observe the open spaces in the earth bricks that create ‘windows’ that allow natural light and fresh air in.
Wood Columns $850.00
Total $ 10,000.00
Post by acopete12 on Oct 16, 2017 21:34:45 GMT -6
entry number : #678039762
ROOF- corrugated zinc $1000
ROOF STRUCTURE-wood 2x4 and 2x10 $2000
WALLS+FURNITURE-rammed earth and wood $2500
FOUNDATION- concrete slab $2500
Library stands as a centerpiece for knowledge as well as the centerpiece for the community. It allows the students and local community to grow through education, life skills development, and recreational activities. The design and layout of the building embodies this idea by having the centerpiece be the heart of the building where movement and spaces begin and end. Both entrances converge into the center which contains 2 curved bookshelves that enclose a lounge area. The walls of the building all grow continuously from the center just like how the community grows from the library. The 4 main spaces are connected to this space and it contains 2 public and 2 private spaces. When moving from space to space you are forced to transition around the centerpiece. The walls are closed off at the private spaces for less noise and at the public spaces it has a wooden louver wall to let air and light in. Both spaces have punctured holes to let light through. The library will stand to symbolize the centerpiece of the community’s growth through knowledge for years to come.
Post by 674550974 on Oct 16, 2017 22:01:01 GMT -6
The communities of Senegal are anything but anti-Social. It can be seen (and heard) every day in the bustle of marketplaces and public spaces throughout the region. The Terr-Eatery dining hall promotes a continuation of this social interaction for the campus. Through fluid form and familiar earthen textures, this space invites its guests to feel perfectly comfortable socializing and enjoying the learning community surrounding them. Providing both space and accommodation for nourishment, as well as the infrastructure for getting to know fellow classmates, the Terr-Eatery rises straight up from the ground as though it has always been there, waiting to promote community. The weighted freeform tent anchors provide a well-defined perimeter whilst leaving plenty of open viewing and speaking space. In addition to a free horizontal condition, the lightweight dynamic floating canvas roof system keeps the visitors’ cross-view space open and free-flowing. The juxtaposition of texture between the marbled surface of the poured earth roof anchors and retaining walls holding in the floor of compacted soil makes a clear definition of open communal space and will become the central social node for the campus. Raised two feet from the Earth, the Terr-Eatery consistently provides space for a vibrant community to thrive.BUDGET
- Poured Earth: 12.5 cubic yards: 45,125.79lbs
- Steel Rope: 300ft
- Outdoor Waterproof Canvas: 130yds
- Fasteners: Nut, Bolts, etc..
- Labor: 5 Workers
Post by jnich48 on Oct 16, 2017 22:04:18 GMT -6
The Big Top proposes to encapsulate different activities in one fluid structure. There are four sections to the curved form and each applies to a cafeteria’s specific occupancy, similar to a circus tent where multiple activities occur under “The Big Top.” The kitchen holds the center base point, and is where everyone comes to at least once during the day. The kitchen area is tall, separating the fire from the thatch and guaranteeing good ventilation When the students enter at the center of the structure, the campus population will notice how every part of the whole originates from the kitchen: from the poured earth foundation counters to the individual bamboo members being lashed together with rope. The bamboo weave laid out vertically and horizontally it creates the roof and supports a thatch surface providing space for the user to relax on the thatch. With the use of a lightweight thatch mesh network and bamboo support system the slung overhang provides shade for the relaxed users. The Big Top will be a must for eating and relaxing during the hot and rainy days during the school year.
Skilled Workers 4,000
Rammed Earth 300
1 Trip 100
Post by dberg4 on Oct 16, 2017 22:06:02 GMT -6
The John takes the surrounding cultural methods of construction and ‘using the bathroom’ to embody a space that connects with the history of the land it sits on while creating a positive byproduct. The students using The John can access pits in the ground behind the structure where waste is collected and stored to use for irrigation in the farms. Along the back side of The John is a gutter that collects rain water to use for flushing the waste down the pipe system. When inside The John, the strategically placed bricks allow for air to pass in between which then gets trapped inside the two walls, circulation air throughout The John and creating a cooler environment than the harsh heat that lies just outside the walls.
MUD BRICK- $422
TIN ROOFING- $349.16
RAMMED EARTH- $400