Post by Tanja on May 30, 2016 6:52:38 GMT -6
ENTRY #511626212 B
Dwelling type for teachers
Design Team: Tanja Sok, m.i.a. (Slovenia)
The design of the dwelling units derives from the traditional circular Ashanti village with its central courtyard, around which the separate spaces are distributed. The house can be dimensioned according to the needs of the inhabitants without compromising the integrity of the design nor the quality of living spaces.
The basic one family unit consists of kitchen with bathroom, outside dining area, living room, bedrooms and covered terrace. Pairs of these units are interconnected with a corrugated metal roof, that protects against the rain and provides shaded terraces. The enclosure creates a semi-enclosed green patio, that forms the main area of daily activities in traditional Ghanaian culture and can be used as a convenient garden.
Long overhangs of the roof block the zenith sun, vertical bamboo louvres shade it the morning and the evening. The roof is detached from the ceiling, which encourages the air flow between and by this removal of hot air from under the ceiling. The perforated wall on the south facade acts as a sunscreen and keeps the corridor cool. It provides the air mass for cross ventilation, the regulation of the air flow can be regulated by opening/closing the bamboo louvres on the opposite facade. The small pitch of the roof enables placement of the solar panels for water heating and electricity production.
Materials used in the house enhance the simplicity of the design. The main material is rammed local earth in the form of building blocks. The blocks can be manufactured in-situ or acquired in proximity. Roof construction and window louvres are made of bamboo, using the proven techniques from around the world. The main load bearing material is concrete in the form of foundation slab, columns and beams. The roof is made of corrugated sheet metal.
Budget in USD
Concrete - Foundation, slabs - 2100
Concrete - Load bearing construction - 1200
Rammed earth blocks - Walls - 500
Bamboo – Roof construction, doors, louvres - 1200
Sheet Metal - Roofing - 800
Solar panels - 1500
Other – plumbing, electricity - 700
Total expenses : 8.000 USD
Post by humanarch on May 30, 2016 7:30:19 GMT -6
ENTRY : #496535714CANOPY TREE SCHOOL
Design team : HUMAN architecte
Alain PARIS, Céline GRIS, Abdenour BOUARIFI, Juliette THIANT, Anastasiya NASYROVA, Alice MORTAMET, Pierre DESCUBESProject description :
Creating a school class is such a responsibility. It’s about creating a place where young people are gonna start to build their future. In this project, we are questioning: how the daily can be used in a different way to form innovating and high quality spaces. We expect to start a change of perception, a change of vision on what surround Abetenim people who will live or cross these spaces. The Basketry skill is used as a roof filter mesh, earth becomes walls, compressed bricks or outside excavated classroom, bamboo becomes structure, palm trees become ropes or braiding filter panels… All these materials serve a logic to an optimal thermal and acoustic comfort: the roof shape and the composition of its different layers, the classrooms shape, the orientation of the openings.
We also want to propose a pedagogic place to understand how to use and preserve nature. To do so, we think users need to be able to capture the poetic of the ambiance of the forest around. The roof, made of corrugated polycarbonate sheets and palm leaves braiding, evokes the canopy and the light effects of the forest. The “experience “Ashanti pattern, traditionally drawn on fabrics, is used for the roof braiding. This dispositive enables to diffuse an indirect light into classrooms, perfectly adapted to studies. This filter comes as a supplementary layer, allowing light to pass through all the sense of this symbol before illuminating classrooms. We also offer outside classrooms allowing the students to study directly connected to nature. Outside and inside classrooms are both protected by the roof structure that transcribes the idea of verticality and structural branching. The earth works draw the limits as walls, ground or excavations, to show functions and spaces. The hollow and empty balance: the earth needed to build the walls becomes the excavated classrooms as a footprint of the intervention.
We propose an open school where student, parents and teachers can cross and make links. We propose a place which can change the perception of what surrounds them daily for maybe build other programs with which is already in Abetenim people. And first, we propose an educative building site with local resources to make it real.Price estimation :
Post by hanuman on May 30, 2016 8:08:51 GMT -6
Ethno-architecture for self-sufficiency
_Design Team :
HanUMAN architecture & urbanisme (France)
Celia BELISLE FABRE, Morgan GUILLOT, Erwann LANEAU
_Design statement :
Sustainable development should be included in education for coming generations. It is not a matter of specialization, it should be global and should make populations self-sufficient. For this purpose, the concepts of ecology, economy and social have to be viable, livable and fair ; taking into account cultures, the environment and basic needs.
We have therefore chosen the laboratory, place of specialized education (cultural and technical) gathering biology, physics and chemistry skills, essential to determine technical and architectural solutions coherent with the context.
The design of the laboratory takes also into consideration the classrooms and the productive garden as well. The lab, with his garden, creates the connection between food nourishment and intellectual nourishment.
The laboratory as a cultural support :
The laboratory is inspired from a typical traditional Asante courtyard house, or a shrine house, which is usually made up of some buildings enclosing a central courtyard also called “gyaase”. One of the buildings, the laboratory, as the shrine of Besease, dominates the courtyard and is closed by decorated walls.
As the case with other traditional art forms of the Asante, these decorations are not mere ornamentation but have symbolic meanings, handed down from generation to generation. These symbols are incorporated into the elevation as an imprint in bas relief. The latters resemble and are directly related to Adinkra symbols thus representing the knowledge and the life-long education, the support, the cooperation and the interdependence, the experience, and the democracy. This form of non-verbal communication played an important role in the traditional Asante society and was also an important medium of documentation.
All around the laboratory, benches allow to sit down to relax shattered by eaves, and enjoy the tranquility and the freshness of the courtyard and its fruit trees.
Le laboratory as a technical support :
The overall form (laboratory + 8 classrooms + courtyard) protect from the outdoor climate (wind), and the courtyard, the lung of the project, regulate the indoor climate (shaded area, thermal inertia, refreshing moisture), favoring heat exchanges (natural ventilation).
The laboratory is designed as an autonomous and self-sufficient unit.
The courtyard (sacred heart) receives on one hand a draining system replacing the gutters of the classrooms (reducing the cost of construction) in order to irrigate the cultures in a natural way, and on the other hand a power generation system using photosynthesis of plants. Finally, the gutters of the laboratory are maintained in order to collect rainwater and store it for the dryness period, to supply the classrooms' experiments (this system could be also linked to sanitary).
The project mixes the biology with the chemistry as well as the physics ; which favors materials and local know-how : rammed earth walls, frame with local wood, bench with local palm trees, bamboo latticework. The laboratory become a Fab’ Lab’.
This project is an contemporary reinterpretation of the sacred architecture in order to enhance the level of education.
_Budget for laboratory construction :
104m² Corrugated zinc - $ 945
345ml Structural timber - $300
104m² Plywood - $290
60ml Gutter - $300
108m3 Rammed earth
Light timber (palm tree)
Foundations & flooring =
11 100kg Cement - $2 110
30 525kg Sand - $165
48 470kg Aggregate - $330
28 Bundle wire mesh - $1680
2 Doors - $ 20
10 Windows (frame – louvres) - $70
24 Bulb - $75
33ml Electric wire - $70
4 Rainwater tank - $1 200
Photosynthesis power system - $400
22ml Wood for bench (palm tree)
TOTAL = $7 955 USD
Post by alexandru on May 30, 2016 8:51:35 GMT -6
ENTRY # 496051865
SCHOOL FOR ABETENIM: Classroom type
A. Mihailescu and A. Kardos, architecture students (Austria)
Being able to learn to read and write should not be a privilege but a right. Even so, many people do not have the opportunity or the access to education. Through this project we would like to add our contribution, as small as it may be, to a world without Illiteracy.
The classroom type provides space for up to 40 students and is planned to be extended according to the further needs of the community.
Our design idea for the classroom type is mainly based on building with local resources, such as earth, starting from the foundation all to the way up to the ceiling. As developed by the Auroville Earth Institute, we decided to use cement to stabilize the rammed earth foundation. The same technique is used to create the floor inside the classrooms. The rammed-earth walls support the wooden trusses and the slightly arched ceiling. The latter is also built with earth and is supported by a metal framework and reinforced with a metal mesh. Due to the detached roof the ceiling is perforated to ensure even a better ventilation, along with the conventional window ventilation. In order to take advantage of the cool southern winds, the roof has been elevated for an efficient ventilation of the classrooms.
The roof is sloped towards the exterior of the school yard to drain the rain water away from the patio. The roof cantilevers over the inner court yard, creating a passageway which is both protected from the direct sunlight and rain.
The shutter windows stretch all the way to the ceiling. A rotating wall between two adjacent classrooms allows a rearrangement of the space.
Stabilized Rammed Earth Foundation 13,75 m²x0,5mx10=68,75 m³
Sand 27500kg / 18m³ 450 $
Cement 6875kg/137 Bags 1306,2 $ TOTAL Fundation 1756,2 $
Stabilised rammed earth flor 44m³(10cm Layer) 1123,9 $
Rammed earth walls
Wood lintel 40 200 $
Door 10 100 $
Windows 30 300 $
Rotating walls 4 200$ TOTAL Walls 800 $
Steel celing frames 70 0,55$ x 22m x 70 =847 $
Bundle of wire mesh 1 60 $
Bundle of bug net 1 44 $
Timber frames 42 840 $
Structural reenforcement 150 581,6 $
Metal sheets 10 packs 20(2,4mx0,9m) 1375 $ TOTAL Roof 3326 $
Miscellaneous Expense 500 $
TOTAL COSTS 7927,7 $
Post by janerodrigues on May 30, 2016 9:07:16 GMT -6
ENTRY # 513007926
4TH EARTH COMPETITION - School for Ghana
Statement designer for classroomThe architectural party was inspired by the climatic conditions of the place and the behavior of the winds, to produce an integrated architecture with nature. The material used is earth-cement produced from one part cement to 10 parts earth and water. The mixing is done manually at the construction site; with a hand press can produce about 1500 massive blocks of soil cement per day. The traditional construction system can employ local labor. Windows of different types, with louvers allow cross ventilation, entry control winds and diffused lighting. Structural moorings walls were extended and function as louvers vertical. The Harmattan is a dry and dusty northeasterly trade wind. To avoid dust the layout of the rooms is in open warhead formation southwest allowing fresh breeze and closed in northeastern avoiding the wind. In the courtyard between the rooms, pergolas with local vegetation allow shaded areas conviviality.
Foundation And Floor 1000
Press for blocks 1050
Walls including to make the blocs, window, Door etc. 2000
Miscellaneous Expense 150
Total Expenses 8000
From Brazil Team Jane Rodrigues:
(Team Leade) : Jane Rodrigues Pinto, architecture student. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Ana Caroline Petrikic Silva, architecture student. E-mail: email@example.com
Debora Rodrigues da Rosa Poltronieri, architecture student. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Rodolfo Ribeiro de Farias, architecture student E-mail: email@example.com
Guiding Teacher Alessandra Migliorini Saldanha, architect. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Post by ddp on May 30, 2016 9:30:59 GMT -6
- Classroom module
Ticket order: 497588432
Design only uses local raw materials
: walls are all made of earth; they have an excellent thermal inertial and are affordable.
The longest wall of the module is made of adobe bricks, a technique that requires very simple equipment. Bricks are disposed rotating each block
by an increasing degree factor to create a complex geometry that literally “opens” the façade and achieve geometric patterns with lights and shadows.
The other walls are made with the Atakpamé
technique that just needs the craftsmen’s labour. Bamboo cylinders are inserted
into the rammed earth to characterize the wall and allow ventilation.
Foundations are made of stones and light concrete mortar to give a solid base and to protect the structure of the building from soil humidity.
Design of the walls and roof allows natural air circulation.
in the north front protects from the direct insulation the most exposed façade in order to keep it fresher.
Classrooms modules are inserted in the landscape respecting the site and its nature. Existing trees protect architecture
from strong Harmattan northeast wind.
Design is simple, practicable, economical and with simple construction methods to involve local manufacture.
One wall of the module is a free board
that will be customized with drawings by scholars
The school can be built step by step, it means module by module
according to the finance availability. Each module will be connected to the previous one but they can stand-alone.
Each module allows a flexible use
, this is very important as the school will be build in several steps. Classroom module can host other uses too. Here we propose a solution that respects the competition requests for: visitor lounge, office and principal office.
The classrooms are organized around a semi-closed courtyard
that is playground and a more private space for scholars. This implantation respects the organization of the traditional village in Ghana.
Foundation and Floor 2000$ 26% of total amount
Walling (Brick wall, Atakpamé wall with bamboo, trellis) 2700$, 36% of total amount
Roof (corrugated sheet, structure) 1600$, 21% of total amount
Landscaping 800$, 11% of total amount
Miscellaneous 500$, 7% of total amountTotal Expenses 7600, 100% of total amount
Post by mgc on May 30, 2016 9:38:59 GMT -6
ENTRY # 512566449A PROJECT FOR THE COMMUNITY
Located in the Ashanti region of Ghana, this is the proposed design of a school for children between 12 to 18 years. Our proposal focuses on the design of the classroom module that will accommodate 45 children. We have made a simple and easy buildable structure using rammed earth and timber from the local region. This structure will rest on a cavity wall made of brickwork / blockwork filled with concrete, on a strip concrete foundation. In order to control the loss of material of the rammed wall we are proposing the integration of erosion checks made of fired clay. Between a series of timber columns on the façade facing the garden we propose the use of ‘jali windows’, made of timber that will allow the classroom to be permanently ventilated. One of the ‘jali windows’ will become the entrance door keeping the classroom locked when necessary. We will combine the timber structure with the rammed earth walls to allow more natural light. By omitting the lintel we will avoid any potential construction issues whilst also creating an overall elegant design. Our proposal incorporates future development of the central garden using natural materials such as stone, timber and grass. It is our vision that this mixed use space will then act as an outdoor activity area as well as providing a platform for community engagement.
Concrete strip foundation + earthen floor : 1600$
Vertical structure (brickwork + blockwork + rammed earth walls + timber columns): 1220$
Roof (Timber structure + corrugated zinc sheet + gutter and rain water pipe): 3350$
Door and Windows_: 500$
TOTAL : 7000$
Post by pedrohmota on May 30, 2016 11:04:18 GMT -6
TERRA + SCHOOL - Modular Classrooms in Abetenim, Ghana Design Team: Pedro Henrique Nogueira and Matheus Costa Ferraz
The major purpose of the project started from the premise of the need to get the most the resources found in the region. So a replicable module was developed with a modulation type of 4,50x9,00m internal space in classrooms, which in turn can be applied to any block in the student complex. The floor and the foundation will be made with stone and cement, in order to halt and prevent the deterioration of the walls in rammed earth caused by moisture. The trench drain will be executed functional and economical way to protect the structure during the rainy season. The walls will be implemented with rammed earth to ponder, in order to facilitate the execution and maintenance of the same, the composition of the paintings is given to a mixture formed by glue and extracted soil from different locations, allowing a palette of warm and friendly colors, harmonious and contrasting with the natural green. The roof structure is performed in space truss on a concrete beam that has as objective curb the walls and serve as structural support for attachment of the metal structure, a technique that is becoming increasingly common in the area, as well as the metal roof. In the gaps of the metal structure will be used cloths tied responsible for restricting wind of direct entry avoiding a possible tunneling and excessive incidence of ventilation inside the site. Timber liners can be add in environments with a greater need for sealing, for example the bedrooms. Doors and windows / modular panels are made with woods removed from the place with a high vertical opening so as to amplify the natural ventilation and the entry of light into the site. Budget
Metalic Tile - 1.100,00 $
Metalic Structure - 3.134,00 $
Walling - 400,00$
Foundation– 400,00 $
Floor– 240,00 $
Concrete Beam - 250,00 $
Doors and Windows/Panel – 350,00 $
Fabric – 150,00 $
Miscellaneous - 225,00 $
Total – 6.249,00$
Total Area – 135,24 m²
Post by davidedm on May 30, 2016 11:17:56 GMT -6
Entry # 505857072
Davide Di Mare (student)
Abetenim Secondary School Village
Modern solution, dispel stereotype, local material, efficient construction. These are the points which characterize the entire project, from the masterplan to the construction. Through the study of the traditional Ashanti buildings and the earth architecture around the world has been possible design a new architecture that became a bridge between the tradition and change, respecting the natural and urban contest.
The offices buildings follow these values. This space is not only a room for working, but also a place where you can live and have relationship. This is possible thanks to a lot of common space both indoor and outdoor. From this point of view , the arcade has an important role, which is a public space where you live and stay covered, especially in this area where rainfall are habitual. Moreover, some seats are hollowed on the wall.
The different ways of construction, like rammed earth and adobe, show the different kind of understanding the architectural material. The adobe walls are positioned on the different entrance and each one of them has a different spacial shapes. For improving the comfort and reducing the emissions and the costs, the cooling system uses natural ventilation, therefore, the orientation and openings depend on the predominant wind.
This project has the aim to give an awareness of possibility of local material if were used with truth solution. It is not only the use of new technologies that determinate the innovation on a building but the use conscious of local resourcesBudget
Foundation and flooring: 1700$
Post by michal on May 30, 2016 11:21:58 GMT -6
DESIGN TEAM: Michal Hadam (Architect)
A building build as much as possible by a local, untrained community should distinguish itself by a simple form and construction, slightly to be realised. However, besides, the aesthetical, ecological and economical aspects may not be disregarded.
The efficiency also plays a big role. That's why two classrooms were combined to one building unit. The thereby resulted honeycombed structure can be arranged arbitrarily side by side. To avoid a too big building density, the single units can be complemented with "green" islands. These can be conceived again as a break area for the students.
The classrooms orientate themselves in directions southeast or northwest. The roofed entrance area offers protection from rain and sun and can also be used as "a protected" break area.
The construction and the materiality were leant as much as possible against the traditional Ashanti architecture. The earth walls, establishes in the rammed earth technique, with a thick of 45cm offer a good protection against the outside temperature as well as good sound insulating values. To counteract against the overheating as well as to dam the noise transmission, the roof structure was planned as a „double skin“.
The air circulating between the uppermost cover from straw and internal cover from metal panels, works temperature regulating. The internal skin offers primarily a protection by the rainwater.
The natural ventilation of the classrooms occurs over the blade windows. These are ordered by different heights to improve the aerial circulation and escaping the warm and stale air.
Foundation & Floor:
Doors & Windows:
TOTAL BUILDING COST:
Post by opheliebrard on May 30, 2016 11:24:23 GMT -6
ENTRY # 508693836
Patio: Dormitory for a school in Abetenim, Ghana
Our design looks to favors comfort and conviviality in a school dormitory for 5O students. All our bedrooms give onto the common patio, the heart of this project, synonym of sharing and security. Our design fit perfectly in the local architecture of the Ashanti region by taking over their ecological materials and economical technics. The dormitory is divided in three: the outside walkway slightly raised, the bedrooms and the patio.
The patio is constituted of a walkway, for students to enjoy the outside without suffering from the sun. It is also covered with strip of wood to create shadows, there is bench for student who want to get together and hammock for those who which to sleep under the stars. We can only access this patio by the students’ room, this is their own relaxing space. The bedrooms for four students are conceived with two bunk bed, two wardrobes and two bid desk giving onto the patio, to work face to nature.
Our project only uses local materials such as clay earth or accacia’s wood. We chose compressed earth block walls, cover with earth coating, for its low price and ease of use, the high part of this wall are composed of openings. We thought a lot the design of our roof and ventilation system, the fresh air is coming by the openings, windows and doors and the hot one is getting out thanks to a zenithal opening, covered with mosquito net. We tried to use mainly local material to have low cost.
Foundation = 1 600
Walling = 1400*
Roofing = 1800
Fittings = 1000
Miscellaneous = 2000*
TOTAL = 7800 (* local materials)
Post by marianne56 on May 30, 2016 11:44:48 GMT -6
ENTRY # 503756997
Abetenim community secondary classrooms, Ghana
Design Team: A.Chupin, R.Lecue, M.Caudal (French Student Design)
Our principal inspiration to create this architecture comes from the patterns present on the textile of Ghana. Through those forms and shapes ,we can see the organization and the lifestyle of the village in Ghana. Our principal module is composed of seven classrooms and a central courtyard which gathers students, creates conviviality and social links between teachers and students.
Heritage School was created thanks to Ghana’s history and traditional patterns of this country.
Indeed, we have learned, you have the greatest esteem concerning the heritage of royalty and descendants of your old empire. Your population is concerned by children education, making it a priority. Keeping in mind these two main ideas, we have created a prototype, module of a classroom.
We have gone back over the traditional forms of patterns and also colors to create an architecture which corresponds to your needs. This new architecture is rhythmic by the geometric and straight lines. We feel a strong unity through this creation, without forgetting the wish to defend the sustainable architecture of rural Africa. With this project, we want to show the link between the history, the materials used (adobe). The aim is to surmount and break the different stereotypes by optimizing the process of construction and adapt the layout following to the students. We decided to pay a particular attention to the confort and the welfare of all teenagers present there.
The project can be built within budget and locally sources. In details, the floor is built with mud brick, locally produced. The wall is the rammed earth, to recall the linear motifs. The roof creates a protection cover against the weather. The all structure ( Foundation and roof) is reinforced which permits to show the possibility of a rural architecture durability.
This space is ventilated naturally, given priority to two flux, one lateral and one which evacuate the heat through the opening roof. Our layout is similar to an amphitheater, to make the comfort of users more efficient, Improve the conditions of studying, the comfort and remind the values.BUDGET
Stone Foundation : 1200 $
Rammed walls : 700 $
Doors ( bamboo ) : 200 $
Miscellaneous : 500 $
Roof ( metal structure & Zinc sheets):5000
TOTAL : 6600 $
Furnitures ( Iroko wood ) : local
Tasha Aitken & Gemma Temlett
Post by Tasha Aitken & Gemma Temlett on May 30, 2016 12:02:37 GMT -6
ENTRY #511626212 A
Abetenim Community Secondary School
Design Team: Tanja Sok, m.i.a. (Slovenia)
“Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication” – Leonardo da Vinci
The proposal is a modular design that can expand according to the needs of the school without compromising the integrity of the design. The concept derives from the organization of the traditional village in Ghana with its central courtyard, around which the separate spaces are distributed. The building consists of two parallel volumes of classrooms and offices.
With its linear layout it creates semi-enclosed central courtyard, which can be used as children´s playground, socializing area, outdoor learning… It encourages the surrounding greenery to enter into the schools ambiences. The physical connection between the volumes is at the front in the entrance area, where the ramp and staircases leads through the bamboo-column forest of the double height hypostyle hall. The roof canopy floats over and protects from the elements, while acting as a visual and physical characteristic focus of the building.
The main principle of the design is simplicity, therefore the building consists of very few materials. The main structure is a concrete skeleton, which is the most economical form of providing durability and safety. For internal walls and facades locally acquired compressed earth blocks are used in order to respect the genius loci - local identity and tradition. The third material, used for the window louvres and in the entrance area is bamboo, which is recognized as an underrated material in Ghana and the use of it in public buildings is a great potential. The roof itself is made of corrugated steel sheets.
The listed budget stands for the construction of the first phase of the design – the bamboo hypostyle and 2 wings with 3 classrooms, toilets and an office per floor. The cost of further additions can be predicted accordingly.
Budget in USD
Concrete - Foundation, slabs - 2700 USD
Concrete - Load bearing construction - 1950 USD
Rammed earth blocks - Walls - 800 USD
Bamboo – Roof construction, doors, louvres - 1800 USD
Sheet Metal - Roofing - 750 USD
Total expenses: 8.000 USD
Read more: nkaprojects.boards.net/thread/59/submitted-design-entries#ixzz49qDQZl5x
Post by tashaaitken1609 on May 30, 2016 12:15:29 GMT -6
4th Earth Architecture Competition – Abetenim Junior High School, Ashanti Region, Ghana
Tasha Aitken & Gemma Temlett (email@example.com)
Part 2 Architectural Designers
80 Carlyle Rd,
We have chosen to design Staff Housing Units for Junior Teachers, creating modular units to accommodate 4/5 teachers each. Each module is split into two construction phase with the following cost breakdown:
S.R.E. Foundations + timber Floor Deck
Timber Structure + Roof Finish
Fittings + Sanitation
Subtotal 1 $7230
S.R.E. Foundations + timber Floor Deck
Timber Structure + Roof Finish
Fittings + Sanitation
Subtotal 2 $7480
The design prioritises flexibility and the complete avoidance of concrete/Portland cement, which we believe has no place in truly sustainable buildings. We have looked to local vernacular design for answers to both the cultural and climatic design features, but using our foreign experience to solve additional problems and add inventive and aspirational features.
Based on the vernacular courtyard arrangement, a central open area with perimeter decking can be used for socialising, cooking and keeping either small animals or growing food. Each teacher will have a bedroom facing into the courtyard, but with a small semi-private decking area to the side as well. A shower and compost toilet are located opposite the courtyard entrance and separate from the living spaces. Each courtyard module steps back as it repeats, maintaining a clear entrance and air flow between rooms.
Lime-stabilised Rammed Earth replaces commonly used concrete foundations, upon which an African Cedar timber frame is built with timber cladding boards as a roof surface. Under this, sheltered from rain and sun, Atakpame is laid to build up the walls. Three full height openings in each bedroom allow windows to become doors to future additional rooms as the need arises, without having to restructure the building.
Entry no. 512779932
Post by paco on May 30, 2016 12:26:33 GMT -6
Project: THE CLASSDesign statement
The project tackles the challenge of children’s education in the Ashanti Region of Ghana through socially-and-environmentally-conscious school design. It consists of clusters of modules (classrooms) provided with porches. The purpose of this project is to improve children’s education through good architecture. Socioeconomical and bioclimatic factors are used in the design of the classrooms to ameliorate children’s learning process and living conditions.The clusters
The starting point for this project is the traditional Ghanaian clustered typology called Asante
. It consists of clusters of small modules set around a common central space. In our case each cluster consists of ten modules used as classrooms. . This tipology produce a sense community and ownership over the central space. Two big openings on the long sides are the main entrances to the blocks and four narrow alleys on the short sides give then more permeabilityThe modules
Each of the modules are accessed from the central space though semi-exterior porches. These “filter” spaces provides spatial variety and smooth transitions between the common space and the classrooms. They constitute a flexible space that can host multiple activities such as casual meetings, resting, reading, personal study, lockers for the students or storage of school material. The porches also fulfill bioclimatic functions. They embrace the interior spaces to protect them from rain, the noise and the excess of solar radiation. They also create a shift between the roof fields to vent out warm air and to provide the classrooms with top daylighting. The distribution and the orientation of the openings in the modules were carefully thought to generate cross ventilation, a homogeneous daylighting and avoid visual discomfort by excess of contrast. The budget/materials
This project promotes the use of local materials and building techniques.
- Foundations (600$): ciclopean concrete for strip footings and ground walls
- Walls (1800$):rammed earth walls in formwork and lime-based cladding
- Porches (650$): wooden supports, bracings and book shelves
- Wood covering,facade (450$): wood strips (horizontal and vertical elements)
- Roofing system (3200$): wooden beams and strips, corrugated zinc sheets, tached roof, gutter
- Flooring (550$): gravel layer, concrete slabs covered with clay and hardwood flooring
- Woodwork (400$): door and window frames
Total budget: 7650$
Post by mathieu on May 30, 2016 12:32:23 GMT -6
Abetenim Sanitary Facilities, Ghana
Design Team_Falyou Mama: Arnaud J. Mathieu P. & Preetvy R. (Mauritius-France)
Found in a colorful and history-rich region of Ashanti, this project would like to help solve basic requirements for proper education.
The youth of Abetenim suffers from a high rate of illiteracy and through this project we would like to participate to life in the village.
We have hence chosen to design sanitary facilities that address comfort, water reuse and compost production.
This project aims to be respectful of its environment and the traditions of Abetenim while staying in a low budget.
To this aim we propose a single facility that offers services for both men and women. This allows for simpler plumbing and ensures identification at an urban scale.
We started by sketching a simple shape.
A shape built by a single envelope that distinguishes two opposing blocks. The shape was then made to evolve geometrically, inspired by the various patterns used by local tribes.
The result is a spacious facility that provides intimacy through natural light while providing shade from high temperatures.
Mindful of the impact on the environment and aware of the value of the soil, we propose a simple and straightforward building process.
• A stamped concrete pedestal a hundred centimeter high to allow the storage and composting of fecal matter that can later be used as fertilizer for the garden.
• Rammed-earth outlying walls with a horizontal pattern showcasing the different colors of the soil at Abetenim.
• A claustra of extruded hollow baked bricks. They are placed randomly inside the coffer with soil.
This wall is a common element of both blocks and hosts the plumbing for water retrieval from the roof. It unifies the two blocks while proposing a visual continuity between exterior and interior.
• Rainwater retrieved by the slanted roof and plumbing is collected in small tanks. The stored water can then be used for various purposes such as gardening or laundry.
• The roof is made of two mirroring slanted parts supported by a truss beam. The geometry helps rainwater collection and ensures natural temperature regulation.
According to the prices provided for the competition, we estimate the cost of construction to be well within the proposed budget totaling $ 4400 and using the available voluntary workforce.
• The rammed-earth walls of 38,5 cubic meters will be made with local soil and sand, while the foundations and pedestal will need cement, sand and small aggregates to make around 14 cubic meters of concrete.
We estimate aggregates and cement to cost $ 1000.
• The claustra wall will be made of 2025 hollow bricks that we estimate should cost 20 cents per brick totaling $ 405.
• Separation within the blocks will be made by bricks at 20 cents each, costing around $1000
• The truss will use steel bars and should amount to around $ 100. Adding roofing sheets for $ 750 totals $ 850 for the roof.
• Coffer for rammed earth can be reused and we estimate their cost at around $500.
• Based on the prices of some hardware stores we estimate plumbing, fittings and other bathroom equipment to be around $ 600.
Post by lida on May 30, 2016 12:50:27 GMT -6
Shaping the Light
design team: Lida Lioupi and Penny Stergiopoulou, Greece
The combination of the Ghanaian traditional architecture and culture with some contemporary techniques and the environmental sustainability was our first goal of the design procedure.
The form of the building, which is inspired from Asante traditional architecture allow the maximum ventilation and the segmentation of the classroom, creating one larger and lighter intermediate space. While the bamboo partitions are folding the classroom becomes one with the courtyard. This larger space is central of the complex of the two classrooms, indicates the entrances and emphasize a communication axis with the building at the other side of the courtyard. Additionally this axis with the bamboo partitions allow the breeze and maximize the ventilation of the building.
Another element inspired from the culture of Ghana is the Asante symbol that is being used for inspiration to create a motif and then to decoration the walls and create the windows.
Ghana’s growing population and its economic growth as well as new patterns of consumption are worsening the inadequate waste management practices. The results are unregulated trash dumps and improperly discarded waste. This in turn results in serious environmental damage and significant health risks, especially among the poor.
Considering the economic problems and the necessary reduction of raw materials, with the contemporary need of our century that makes the garbage the main natural resource we ended up at the “bottle-bricks” technique to the main walls of the building. Is an easy buildability technique that combines earth and plastic or/and glass bottles and provides a really strong structure. It is not required to wait to dry–is a fast hand-on technique-and everyone can easily learn. So the children could participate to the construction of their own school. (adaptation)
We mainly used plastic bottles, as long as are outnumbered and easier to find. The glass bottles are being placed where we wanted the light to penetrate the walls.
Cost estimation for a classroom
Trench filled Foundation $880
Pour concrete foundation footing and “earthen floor”.
Plastic bottles filled with earth ($0) and Glass bottles ($0) mixed with earth mixture (97% earth, 3% cement).
Plastering the plastic bottles with a mixture of earth, water and cement.
Corrugated zinc sheets (81m2) $560
Bamboo structure $1340
Window frames $150
Door frame $10
Folding bamboo partitions $150
Water harvesting cistern $500
Fabrics, gasoline to transfer the bottles
Total cost $4.090
Post by maya on May 30, 2016 13:12:44 GMT -6
ENTRY #490153392MATE MASIE CLASSROOMS
Secondary School Abetenim, GhanaDesign statement
One of the typical Adinkra symbols of the Ashanti culture is called mate masie - "What I hear - I keep" and stands for wisdom, knowledge and prudence. Understanding this statement as an essentiel requirement for progress and education and thus as the basis for all educational establishments, the main objective is to creat an appropriate surrounding. The classrooms of the future Secondary School in Abetenim will offer the students quiet rooms with enough space, light, ventilation and a comfortable climate to focus and concentrate well.
The design of the classroom unit emphasizes on a simple and clear organisation. To enable the classes to continue during the rainy season, there is a stone foundation leveling all the rooms up to 0,6 meters to prevent flooding. Access can be found either from West with a ramp or from East via a small staircase. A monopitched roof connects the two classrooms (each 69m²) with a verandah (43m²) and provides shade to the main corridor. It opens up to the courtyard of the classroom assembly. The construction consists of a supporting structure out of wood and the corrugated metal sheet as well as an inner ceiling for the classrooms. Through the double skin roof the classrooms are protected from the hot air from the top. It is not entering the second layer and can circulate well to the outside. Rainwater is being collected in a rainwater tank next to the building and can supply the sinks in the classrooms. They are thought to support the hygiene standards of the children. The walls are built from rammed earth and contain openings in the Southern and Northern facade. They serve for an effective cross ventilation in the rooms as well as for sufficient daylight. According to requirements in savety or additional shading purposes the windows can be closed with folding shutters.The Western and Eastern side are completely closed for the inner organisation like blackboards and shelves. Thereby it is also possible to add more units next to one another as necessary.
Additionally the students should feel free to enjoy their surrounding apart from the classes. They are invited to freely use the verandah as a multifunctional space that can serve as a resting area as well as for extracurricular activities. Through several broad slats the changeover from the building to the surrounding nature is fluent. The slats creat niches that can individually be interpretated and utilized for instance with movable seating furniture.budget estimation for one classroom unit
foundation, flooring: 1600 $
walls, doors, windows, slats: 2000 $
roofing: 3500 $
miscellaneous: 500 $
total expenses: 7600 $
Post by tinashe1987 on May 30, 2016 13:16:37 GMT -6
ENTRY # 512266682
Abetenim Secondary School - Classroom unit
Design team: Tinashe Honde
Concept : Elevate the Consciousness’
Design Statement : It is high time Poverty of financial resources should not limit Africa community (Abetenim Village) richness of Expression. This project seek to change the perception that the local people have about the earth, while at the same time elevate the sense of belong and pride, by people being aware of the richness there have in this community. LET’S see Africa beyond its PROBLEM
Material description : The design uses indigenous materials such as Earth, Stone and Bamboo, allowing expression in both materials that would appeal to the student mind and the community at large, at the same time try to sell the idea to the people that building with red earth is not for the poor but it is sustainable. Corrugated roofing sheets - better protection of rammed earth from harsh rain fall. Woven raffia palm mat ceiling- which contracts in dry weather, permitting the movement of air through the interstices. Bamboo screens - flexible to expand and contract so as to allow air circulation when need and windproof and water proof membranes. Bamboo trusses - bamboo members tired with nylon rope on steel pins Atakpame traditional technique (red lateritic soils) - compacted in balls which are laid in courses of approximately half a meter in height, Rammed earth- prepare the earth and then put it up at 500mm layers and wait for 3days for it to dry, Traditional smooth clay floor finish- tapped clay, smooth to level with stone peddles by hand. Dry stone foundation
Budget foundation: 560.00US$
roofing: 1 088.00US$
Fittings and ceilings: 691.00US$
Miscellaneous: 653.88US$ TOTAL 3 269.38US$
Post by 13kart on May 30, 2016 14:18:03 GMT -6
up and down: Classroom in Abetenim, Ghana
Design team: Michał Śmiałowicz (student)
Designed earth architecture present classroom type for students of ages 12 to 18 years in Abetenim in Ashanti Region of Ghana. Object can be used for maximum 48 students. In the project should be considered as the greatest earth use and local labor.
The idea of project is to create simple, functional, but in the same time esthetic architecture. It was decided for a minimalist shape intersecting and perpendicular planes. Crosswise walls are built in rammed earth technology and linear walls are bricked up in adobe technology. To strength effect it was decided to leave walls “bare” in fully faith in material. It is only openwork pattern implemented on two levels. On the bottom on the south wall and on the top of the north wall. In this way ventilation of building is improved. Cold air comes in to class from bottom, from south side and goes out on the top, on the north side. The same difference of levels is applied in pitched roof. Construction and roof pitch are hiden to retain simplicity and balance of building.
Building complex consist four zones. From west: rain collect zone, close zone- class, semiclose zone, open zone- courtyard.
MATERIAL AND TECHNOLOGY DESCRIPTION
FOUNDATION AND PLINTH
Loose earth is tamped and compacted to form a strong base. Around the plinth will be made clapboard allowing to tamp and form a shape. Then on the surface and sides of the plinth will be wire mesh spread and overflow 25 mm layer of concrete. Surface will be properly finished.
WALLS AND DOORS
Crosswise walls will be made in rammed earth technology using a formwork (dimensions 183cm x 183cm x 61cm).
Linear wall will be made in adobe brick technology. Bricks will be made by using a form. Adobe bricks are made of mixture of soil, cement and water. If in soil content of clay is greater than 45% should be sand added to get relation soil to sand like 1:1,5 (2).
South wall from floor level to 1,5 m above the floor is made as jail wall. North wall from level 1,5 m above floor to top of the wall is made as jail wall.
Lintels over the doors are made of concrete and wire mesh. Doors are made of wood.
Roof construction is created by triangle, wood trusses. There are three types of trusses. Rectangular trusses- corrugated zinc sheet on the sides. Triangle trusses with support holding corrugated zinc sheet on the front. And the last, normal triangle trusses. Construction is covered corrugated zinc sheet on the top, on the sides, on the front and on the back in way to hide the roof construction. On the back corrugated zinc sheet is openwork to allow air ventilation.
PLINTH & FOUNDATION
TAPPED EARTH= 0$
(2 x 10,85m + 2 x 25,92m)/0,24m x 0,6m=307m
(2 x 3,82m + 2 x 3,94m)/0,24m x 0,45m=29,1m
(2 x 3,82m + 2 x 3,94m)/0,24m x 0,3m=19,4m
(2 x 3,82m + 2 x 3,94m)/0,24m x 0,15m=9,68m
365,18m x 0,74$/m=270$
CEMENT CONCRET 2,5 CM
10,85m x 25,92m + 2 x 3,82m x 3,94m + 3,82m x 3,94m=307,86m^2
(2 x 10,85m + 2 x 25,92m) x 0,6m=44,13 m^2
(2 x 3,82m + 2 x 3,94m) x 0,45m=6,98 m^2
(2 x 3,82m + 2 x 3,94m) x 0,3m=4,66 m^2
(2 x 3,82m + 2 x 3,94m) x 0,15m=2,33 m^2
365,96 m^2 x 0,025m x 51$/m=466,60$
365,96 m^2 x 0,42$/m^2=153,70$
SKILLED LABOR 2/ 10 DAYS= 200$
RAMMED EARTH FORM 183cmx183cmx61cm=150$
BRICK FORM 25x12x7,5 cm= 50$
SAND (MAX SAND:EARTH=2:1)
(2 x 3,15m x 2m + 3,15m x 11m + 3,15m x 20,88m + 2m x 11,52m) x 0,25m x 2/3=24,16 m^3= 27,81 m^3→ 1 SAND TRUCK TRIP= 60$
CEMENT (MAX 10% OF BRICK MIXTURE)
(2 x 3,15m x 2m + 3,15m x 11m + 3,15m x 20,88m + 2m x 11,52m) x 0,25m x 0,1=3,40 m^3→ 5 x BAG OF CEMENT= 5 x 10,50$=52,5$
SKILLED LABOR 3/ 10 DAYS= 300$
2 x WOODEN DOORS= 2 x 10$= 20$
2 x CONCRET LINTELS ON TOP OF THE DOORS= 2x0,25m x 0,25m x 2m x 51$/m^3=12,75$
WIRE MESH= 5 YARDS= 5 x 8,50$= 42,5$
SKILLED LABOR 1/ 1 DAY= 10$
WOODEN WALL PLATE- BIGGER ROOF
WOODEN BEAM 15x28cm= 0,75$/m→25,92m x 2 x 0,75$/m=38,88$
WOODEN CROSSWISE BEAM
WOODEN BEAM 15x34cm= 0,90$/m→6,86m x 0,90$/m=6,17$
WOODEN WALL PLATE- SMALLER ROOF
WOODEN BEAM 15x28cm= 0,75$/m→12,40m x 2 x 0,75$/m=18,60$
WOOD TRUSS TYPE 1 x 2= 2 x 46,14m=92,28m
WOODEN BEAM 10x10cm= 0,24$/m→92,28m x 0,24$/m=22,15$
WOOD TRUSS TYPE 2 x 13= 13 x 34,74m=451,62m
WOODEN BEAM 10x10cm= 0,24$/m→451,62m x 0,24$/m=108,39$
WOOD TRUSS TYPE 5 x 13= 5 x 37,88m=189,40m
WOODEN BEAM 10x10cm= 0,24$/m→189,40m x 0,24$/m=45,46$
WOOD TRUSS SMALL TYPE 1 x 4=4 x 12,9m=51,6m
WOODEN BEAM 10x10cm= 0,24$/m→51,6m x 0,24$/m=12,38$
WOOD TRUSS SMALL TYPE 2 x 7=7 x 7,84m=54,88m
WOODEN BEAM 10x10cm= 0,24$/m→54,88m x 0,24$/m=13,17$
WOOD BATENS 10X10cm, BIGGER ROOF= (25,92m x 2 + 11,40m x 2) x 2 x 0,24$/m=35,83$
WOOD BATENS 10X10cm, SMALLER ROOF= (12,40m x 2 + 3,83m x 2) x 2 x 0,24$/m=15,58$
WOOD BATENS 5X5cm, BIGGER ROOF= 25,92m x 20 x 0,12$/m=62,21$
WOOD BATENS 5X5cm, SMALLER ROOF= 12,40m x 7 x 0,12$/m=10,42$
CORRUGATED ZINC SHEET BIGGER ROOF= 25,92m x 11m x 11$/m^2=3136,32$
CORRUGATED ZINC SHEET SMALLER ROOF= 12,40m x 4,20m x 11$/m^2=572,88$
CORRUGATED ZINC SHEET BIGGER ROOF SIDES=
=(25,92m x 2 + 11,40m x 2) x 1,5m x 11$/m^2=1231,56$
CORRUGATED ZINC SHEET SMALLER ROOF SIDES=
=(12,40m x 2 + 3,88m x 2) x 1,5m x 11$/m^2=537,24$
WATER STORAGE SYSTEM= 150$
SKILLED LABOR 2/ 10 DAYS= 200$
Post by marianamarmelada on May 30, 2016 15:24:57 GMT -6
The classroom is where everyone created their firsts memories, their basic knowledge and even where they meet their firsts friends, it is the starting point of our academic and social life. Knowing that, learning and socializing combined with a more creative and challenging environment is the goal of our project. A classroom which promotes interactive learning and encourages children to develop their creativity.
For this we propose the use of a daily item – a rope. With it a simple window frame could became an educational board. The playground can integrate a resting area directly connected with the classroom. To improve the learning process and to make it versatile we studied a variety of tables arrangement to allow different activities in the same classroom.
During the raining season the recess can present an issue, for this reason we developed the idea of a compound of one classroom with a covered area. This gathering space has two levels, the top one being a big hammock net bed, to give children different ways to spend their time – playing, reading, chatting, relaxing – promoting their social capacities in a fun and safe area.
The program has the possibility of being rearranged into a two classroom compound instead of one classroom + one gathering area. This arrangement of compounds allows the students to interact with each other during recess, since the gathering area could be shared with more than one classroom.
Regarding the sustainability of the project the formwork for the foundations and the construction of rammed earth walls are reused in a wooden platform for the teacher, in the window construction (which rotate to prevent glare in the classroom throughout the day) and in the room. The compound is developed to be able to harvest rainwater in a secondary intervention and it is planned in a way to ensure a good quality air and natural light, with cross ventilation, chimney effect and with an East/West solar orientation.
Material Description + Budget:
Roof Structure – 2980$
1420 ft (431,8 m) of framing wood (1420$)
13 packets of corrugated zinc sheets (1560$)Foundations – 3580$
2207.15 ft3 (62.5m3) cement - 301 bags (3160$)
2 trips of truck for sand (120$)
3 trip of truck for gravel (300$)Rammed Earth Walls and Net – 1350$
204.8ft3 (5.8m3) cement – 28 bags (300$)
Framing wood – formwork (800$)
1200ft (365.76m) natural fiber rope (250$)TOTAL COST – 7910$
Post by ilaria on May 30, 2016 15:48:59 GMT -6
CLASSROOMS IN ABETENIM VILLAGE
ENTRY #502558293DESIGN STATEMENT
The architecture of these classroom units is designed to respect Ghanaian culture, climate and spatial hierarchy.
The project idea refers to the traditional activity of the village, palm leaves weaving: this concept is developed in the gable roof system design, made with a simple wood structural body.
One of the most important principle was to use as much local material as possibile, combining vernacular methods (gable roof) with new interpretations.
The research for an innovative educational space has been one of the key points of the project: both external and internal spaces contribute in the definition of the educational environment. The outdoor spaces between classrooms creates common areas as an alternative to those one. The project also wants to improve classroom layout (63m2), like creating space for independent work or groups of discussion and define learning zones creating a space where small groups can work independently and still be connected to the class.
The classroom’s unit is designed to be build in two main phases: The “structure’s” construction made with local hardwood.The gable roof is made with corrugated iron sheets. The first step creates an outdoor space, protected by sunlight and rain that can be completed with the rammed earth building containing the class. Rammed earth walls (50cm) give a sustainable answer and can be easily build or maintained by local community with no need to modify the structural body. They also provide to realize an efficient thermal insulation. The roof is raised to allow a cross ventilation and one inner-roof of locally straw mats filter hot air out. When the first classroom is completed the adjacent structure can be added exploiting the existing one.
Post by dayoolad on May 30, 2016 15:57:15 GMT -6
Abetenim community school - #512769211
Education for All
Cities today are greatly influenced by globalization and technology, and these advancements influences the way we live. For example, people post letters from Africa to Europe in the 60´s but now everyone uses mobile phones to communicate. These changes in our way of living demands that everybody is educated, basically a school for all. Education is now a basic necessity, and education for African people would empower us to shape our cities, and the ways we want to live.
Our main idea for Abetenim community school, was to create a simple typology/module of 4.5m x 9m classroom that can be built in the simplest possible way. By varying the geometry and slopes of the roof cladding on top, we can create different iterations of the class modules to make a school community that is unique, and dynamic. These class modules allow the classrooms to be built in phases. The class modules are built to form a block of classroom with the centre becoming the centre of learning. The centre of learning is where every class module exhibit what they are learning.
The school modules are made from local material, rammed earth which is available locally, and typical with Ashanti. The rammed earth provides good thermal comfort during the very hot days. Above the earth walls are clerestory windows which provide natural day lighting, and maximizes air circulation through the classrooms. The use of clerestory window allows student to focus during the classes. On top, is the aluminium cladding roof that provides shelter. The class module is designed in a very simple way that ensures efficient use of materials, and can be built within
Foundation - $1500
Wall - $1500
Clerestory windows and doors - $2000
Roofing - $2000
Terrace - $500
Total - $7500
Post by beata on May 30, 2016 16:17:47 GMT -6
Secondary School, Classrooms in Abetenim, Ghana
Design Team: Beata Dmowska and Magdalena Banach, architects (Poland)
Modern form in traditional way.
Our team focused on classroom unit. The main idea of our projects was create the best space to study : optimal temperature, fresh air, good lightening, the ability to adapt the building to changing conditions.
Protection against overheating:
- good thermal insulation of the roof using thatch as roofing, double roof with space ventilation,
-fresh air : high room, rotated panels, the orientation of the building to the direction of the wind,
The rotated panels have been designed to protect against strong sunlight and to ensure adequate ventilation.
We stand on the position that the local society should be proud of traditional building techniques because it is unique and creates the identity of the place.
Building form, which we designed by turning the ridge, is our modern version of traditional house with gabled roof. We also used traditional materials such as bamboo, thatch, earth. Those materials are available, known, popular therefore, easy to use.
We used a gradual transition space: between the courtyard and the classroom, created a transition zone, a certain kind of hallway.
The next priority was good visibility blackboard. We sought to achieve the shortest possible distance. We decided that the better solution is wider than the longer form of classroom. Sunlight aren't a problem thanks to rotating panels, which provide favourable scattered light.
We design concrete foundations with stones, concrete floor with visible wood planks left after formwork, rammed earth walls, bamboo structure of roof and rotated panels. Classroom modules can be of different colours, using the earth of varying shades. This will ensure diversity and facilitate the recognition building unit.
Bamboo Structure: 700$
Elevation panels: 500$
Total :4540 $
The rest of 8000$ will be intended for fourniture and the other things.
Post by okki on May 30, 2016 16:21:22 GMT -6
ENTRY # 499670770
CornerDorm, a dormitory proposition
Design Team: Vjekoslav Moscatello, architect (Croatia)
School dormitories are places for children who have abandoned their homes and villages for education. This school dormitory has been designed with the scope to give a sense of home, a neighborhood to belong to.
When designing multiple equal units, it is important to design the way the units interact with each other as well as the units themselves. Rather than a big courtyard unit, a new layout is proposed, inspired by the image of a traditional Ashanti house, more specifically the shaded corner on the street. A space that is at the same time public and private. Thus, the layout revolves around the idea of corners along a street. Corners become spaces which 2 units share, and children gain a sense of community within the layout.
It is also influenced by the structuralist approach and theories of the architect Herman Hertzberger, most notably the Montessori school in Delft. The corners are placed opposed to each other forming a courtyard between four units, creating space for a larger community. The courtyards are then connected through a street which is undulating in order to divert the gazes of its walkers from where they are going to where they are.
It is also proposed for children to shape their own courtyards through various workshops to increase their level of identification with their units, as well as coloring the foundation base of the units in shades of a different color depending on the courtyard. A green courtyard, for example, rather than courtyard “A4”.
The units themselves are built from rammed earth walls, and rammed earth bricks, both reinforced with local dry hay if necessary. The foundation is made of local stonework, and the roof construction out of local timber wood. The roof is covered with corrugated zinc plates.
Budget units/price per unit/total
concrete foundation bed 4,65 m³ / 70$ / 325$
foundation of local stone 26,60 m³ / 2$ / 44$
mud cover of the foundation 75,00 m² / 1$ / 75$
paint on the mud cover 75,00 m² / 1$ / 75$
rammed earth floor 7,00 m³ / 70$ / 490$
rammed earth wall 16,70m³ / 0$ / 0$
reinforced concrete beam 1.90m³ / 100$ / 190$
framing wood for windows 90 feet / 2$ / 180$
brise soleil wood 1x1' 150 feet / 2$ / 300$
1 wooden door frame piece 1 / 10$ / 10$
1 wooden door panel piece 1 / 30$ / 30$
local heavy wood beams 4'x8' 775 feet / 2$ / 1550$
local heavy wood beams 4'x4' 1020 feet / 2$ / 2040$
currogated zinch panels 10 packets / 130$ / 1300$
bug wire mesh 13,55m² / 10$ / 136$
*NOTE: all costs are an estimate
10 % added in case of overlooked elements and unforseen circumstances
TOTAL ESTIMATED COST OF MATERIALS: 7156 $ + 10% = 7871 $
Post by detours on May 30, 2016 17:55:23 GMT -6
ENTRY # 512892014
UNDER THE ROOF
The learning place
DESIGN TEAM : Detours architecture
(Céline Lasne, Lou Moguet Mesnard, Julie Meigneux)
The project proposes to revisit the traditional Ashanti architecture, whose characteristic is to protect against the climate by a very sloped roof, and a front wall closed on the outside and open on an interior courtyard.
For this, we chose to treat a variety of units grouped by function in the same building. The selected function here is for education. However, the project can adapt to different school functions, such as: cafeteria, dormitories, administration and staff houses.
The project is based on the creation of a big "accordion" cover that shelter different boxes placed around a central patio. Classrooms, laboratory, restroom and toilets are protected from wind, rain and sun. The residual spaces of the platform are used for covered circulation and playgrounds, and can also be used for new buildings to answer to future needs.
Each facade is designed according to its orientation. The North/West front is mostly closed to keep out the sun. The North/East front is covered by a sloped roof protecting it from hot wind and rain. Conversely, the South/West front is more open to bring fresh wind in the heart of the building.
The project promotes the use of local materials and techniques. The platform, raised from the natural ground, is made of stone and rammed earth. The finishes are made of barks mixed with cow dung. The boxes are made of rammed earth. The framework is made of local wood, fixed to the ground by metal bases.
The roofing material differs depending on the orientation. The North side is covered by a textile membrane, providing thermal comfort and brightness. The South side is covered by corrugated sheets and isolated by palm wicker-work, which will be refreshed by the southwest wind.
Ground : 8370 $
Boxes : 5580 $
Equipement : 7254 $
Framework : 22 320 $
Roofing : 12 276 $
Total costs : 55 800 $
Classroom costs : 7998 $
Post by sophiec on May 30, 2016 18:08:03 GMT -6
ENTRY # 513117431
Design team: Sophie Constant (Architect), Yoann Fiévet (Architect), Frédérique Jonnard (Architect), FRANCE
We chose to develop the program related to the accommodation of students in connection with a landscape proposal. The site characteristics and resources are fully used in the design in order to bring about a coherent integration between the site, the landscape and the dormitories.
The dormitories are divided in two independant buildings (female and male) that create a courtyard between them. The roof has a slight overhang to provide external circulation areas protected from rain.
Inside the building, the central area provides a collective space and two lateral areas are divided in alcoves to allow more privacity for the bedrooms. Each alcove covers four beds.
The resting spots along the fruiticetum walk are directly related to the building and partipate to enhance the quality of space (shadow, benches and round shelters with thatch roofs : spaces to rest, play and meet together or learn about the nature). They are part of a botanical path wich goal is to educate young people in a society model respectful of people and earth, which supports the development of agricultural practices accessible to all, especially the poorest, while preserving the foster heritage.
At the back of the north dormitory, a productive garden can be planted with vegetables or fruit trees as mango, orange, cacao to provide fresh fruits.Materials to build
Both buildings are built with a combination of earth technologies. Cob and adobe are employed for the external walls. Wattle and daub plastered with clay for the internal walls (thinner and lighter than cob walls).
Cob is a building material, combining earth and straw that provides a great thermal inertia which helps to minimize big temperature changes throughout the day. The earth is to be generated from the site itself.
The two slopes roof is made with metal corrugated sheets on a wooden structure. It will have steeper slopes to ensure a greater water run and extended eaves to spill water away from walls. The roof is designed to allow a good ventilation and an effective refresh for the dorms. The ceiling will be realised with woven natural vegetal fiber.
Floors are made of rammed earth except the upper gallery (wood).
The resting spots have handmade brick floors, rammed earth benches protected by wood and thatched conical shelters built with low-cost and local vegetation. Budget
The 8000 $US budget includes : 1 cob dormitory of 262 m2 for 48 students + 1 Resting spot by the fruticetum walk 8000 $US
- Foundations and basement (cyclopean concrete) : 600 $US
- Cob walls : 1400 $US
- Adobe south elevation, vaults and walls : 1000 $US
- Wooden structure (roof and stairs) : 1800 $US
- Roof (Metal corrugated sheets and screws): 1000 $US
- Wooden doors and windows : 600 $US
- Building equipment : 600 $US
- Other (Tools, transports, …) : 400 $US
- Landscape and gardens around the dormitories (Resting spot) : 600 $US
TOTAL : 8000 $US
Post by greg on May 30, 2016 19:30:16 GMT -6
ENTRY #: 505616514
DESIGN TEAM: Grzegorz Oleniecki (UK) and Beatriz Rodriguez (Spain) As we are always looking for new ways of understanding architecture as a tool for improving people’s life. Is often said that children are the future, therefore our main challenge would be to design a flexible classroom – seed.
One of the main focus points, is the strategy of investment phased over a period of time, due to the economic reasons. Individual modular units – seeds, provide a system that can grow into substantial education organism, with all substantial spaces for education and leisure. The architecture form responds directly to possibility of expansion, whilst providing range of different spaces for a school using the same language. The class is independent from the main roof – provision of flexibility.
The locality is expressed in materials. Local cloth used as part of the doors works, provides identity, expression of life and from a functional perspective of translucency. Windows are made of ceramic tubes, produced by local labor. Seed is a flexible, affordable classroom which can expand into a proper educational organism, taking the budget constrains as a priority but also provide the local identity and sustainability in wider terms.
measure units unit USD quantity subtotal
(1) Basement and foundation
Foundation base wall (Concrete) 1.74 m3 30 1 52.2
Ground base (Stone aggregate + concrete) 64.8 m3 10 1 648
(2) Walling and carpentry
Rammed earth wall 19.88 m3 20 1 397.6
Ceramic tiles (windows) 4.48 m3 10 4 179.2
Wooden frames (door) u 10 12 120
Kente cloth (door) u 6 12 72
Wooden structural columns 12 linear ft 2 16 384
Corrugated zinc roof 226 m2 3 1 678
Wood truss 118 linear ft 1 4 472
Kente cloth (roof) u 6 4 24
Local labour 60 day/per 3 10 1800
Oil / transportation and additional costs eg palm leaves (+10% o/a) km 480
Post by lkjr on May 30, 2016 19:43:57 GMT -6
ENTRY # 504559866 The Community House: A Dormitory for Students in Abetenim, Ghana
Design Team: Anna Asiala (Arch. Designer), Philip Justin Brown (Arch. Designer), Les Key Jr. (Registered Architect)DESIGN STATEMENT
The Community House was conceived as an opportunity to evoke the safety, structure, and comfort of family into the life of students that are so far removed from the life with their families in their villages. The program is designed as two halves. Each half of the design works in conjunction, not only to create an identity amongst houses, but also to work as a whole to frame an internal courtyard. Serving as the front porch of the community with all doors facing the courtyard, the covered walkways structure a natural framework, organizing the residential presence of community around the central courtyard. Much like the social structure of a college dorm, the lifestyle encourages social bonding amongst those living in close proximity; both on the family level within a room, at a house level, and a community level paying reverence to the devotion level of a village. Anchoring the corners within the courtyard between covered breezeways are colorful water cisterns serving the toilet and bathing facilities. On opposing corners are enclosed social spaces allowing an escape for activities away from the weather and at a social tier differing from the family unit within a bunkroom. These spaces are also sized to allow future expansion of bunk space if the school continues to grow. All of these items in conjunction work to anchor the group as a community, living around the commonality of a central courtyard.
The materiality of the structures ties the construction of the facility into the local natural environment. Built using locally sourced earth the walls of the complex provide both a beautiful dynamic to the façade as well as a sustainable construction type that can be both taught and implemented by the local workforce. The roof construction is oriented to allow both enhanced ventilation through the dwelling units as well as the capture of rainwater. This rainwater capture is to serve both as water for consumption and operation of the sink and shower facilities. This will also allow the capture of gray water from the sink and shower to allow watering of a community garden space; making the most of the water cycle beyond a single use. Materials:
Walls: Rammed earth, local timber, corrugated metal
Roof: Wood trusses, corrugated metal
Bamboo screens: Local timber, bamboo
Wood Structure: $1500
Total Project Cost: $7910
Post by devaki on May 30, 2016 19:50:05 GMT -6
TICKET NUMBER: #512885991
DESIGN STATEMENT FOR CAFETERIA
The café is conceptualized in response to a climate with extremities. Dynamically sculpted bamboo roof converging into the central open to sky courtyards, create energetic spaces which enliven the interiors. The idea was to provide an interactive space for the students which could be used for common gatherings when required. The internal courtyard space translates oneness of the café into multiple interaction corners.
Modular and symmetrically planned, the café entirely makes use of locally available rammed earth wood and bamboo thus creating soothing and cool interiors. Oriented to create Openness and visual connectivity through provision of large openings in north south direction and transitory ailes or verandahs between the inside and the outside while considerably reducing the heat gain to the internal spaces.
The café is planned with an Inward looking planning principle with diffusely lit courtyards allowing ventilation creating a cooler environment against the extreme heat. Internal spaces have a unique identity with option of converting semi-enclosed spaces into open spaces through uses of large louvered windows yet maintaining the oneness of the café considering locality. Along with the Courtyards and verandahs, roofing at different levels forming vents for passive cooling ensures cross ventilation within the café.
Built sustainably with natural light and ventilation being facilitated throughout the café , The building is dynamic and sculptural in appearance yet sensitive to its climate and adjoining surroundings.
Total area of café – 430 sq m
Budget for module of 40 sq m
Foundation and flooring 1200 USD
Walls 650 USD
Roof(sheet+ truss ) 1550 USD
Steel Columns and beams 800 USD
Misc(door,windows and others ) 350 USD
Devaki Chachar - Architect
Shweta Kamble -Architect